MEAN Stack Developer vs. FULL Stack Developer: What is the Difference?
MEAN Stack developer and Full Stack developer are commonly heard of today in the community of developers. These two developers are highly in demand, and most renowned companies get their websites developed by either of these developers.
How did the Concept of MEAN Stack and Full Stack came into existence?
Previously, developers had to specialize in a particular language or a part of the development process. For instance, there were Java developers, C# developers, and HTML developers. Otherwise, there were front-end developers who specialized in front-end technologies or back-end developers who specialized in back-end technologies. These developers know multiple programming languages that may be of use in their area of expertise. But a front-end developer generally did not learn back-end development and vice-versa.
The problem with this separation of the areas of development was primarily related to cost and affordability. It often became difficult for startups and small companies to hire two kinds of developers for one project because doing so is expensive. A low budget did not facilitate high-end expenses, and they had to take high risks in their business. That is why there came to be a type of developer who mastered the technologies of both ends. Such a developer can work single-handedly on a project without the need to hire separate developers. The idea was to make web development somewhat cost-effective for those companies that could not afford it. Today, all three types of developers are widely available and are hired depending on what the companies require.
Who is a Full Stack Developer?
A Full Stack developer, then, is someone who has knowledge of some of the technologies, frameworks, and languages used in back-end development as well as some of those used in front-end development. Sometimes, a Full Stack developer also contributes to the UI/UX design of the website or web application as well. Due to their involvement in the entire development process, they often need to have at least functional knowledge of everything that is part of the development.
Who is a MEAN Stack Developer?
MEAN is an acronym for MongoDB, ExpressJS, AngularJS, and Node.js. A MEAN Stack developer shares in common, some characteristics with a Full Stack developer. Such a developer is also hired to work on both the front-end and the back-end of a website. The difference is in the use of technologies or frameworks. A MEAN Stack developer specializes only in MongoDB for working on the database, Expressjs for working on the web server, AngularJS for the front-end, and NodeJS for the server-side logic.
Why Do We Need MEAN Stack When We Have Full Stack?
Which is Better: Full Stack or MEAN Stack?
Many people claim that Full Stack developers are more qualified and efficient than MEAN Stack developers. It is because of their vast area of knowledge and expertise. They often have to take responsibility for every aspect of development, including security concerns, quality assurance, as well as handling the clients and understanding the business needs. Their responsibility is far greater than that of a MEAN Stack developer.
However, despite their expertise and their ability to multitask, they may not always be proficient in everything. MEAN Stack developers have to deal with only four technologies. It is easier for them to master these technologies than it is for a Full Stack developer to master as many technologies as possible. Their knowledge may be vast, but it may not be proficient or comprehensive. But in the case of MEAN Stack developers, they are skilled in everything they know because their area of concern is far limited.
Should You Learn MEAN Stack Development or Full Stack Development?
Both MEAN Stack and Full Stack are in high demand. Both of these are popular, and it is unlikely that their popularity will decrease any time soon. They can get you a high paying job and a prospective career. So which one do you choose?
However, if you like to explore newer languages and technologies and want to take up programming related challenges, you should choose Full-Stack. Choosing MEAN Stack will limit your opportunities for growth and learning, and you may lose interest after some time. The best thing for you, in that case, maybe to take up every new language or framework that interests you and learn to work with it. It will not only increase your knowledge but will also help you advance in your career.
Who Should You Hire: MEAN Stack Developer or Full Stack Developer?
Before hiring any developer, you must consider certain factors such as your budget, your technological preferences, the time frame within which you need your website or web application, and the type of website. With these factors in mind, it will be easier for you to choose a developer.
Budget: Hiring either MEAN Stack or Full Stack developer can be expensive or cost-effective, depending on your budget. Since both of them work as Full Stack developers, you do not have to hire for back and front end separately. Paying one developer is always cheaper than paying two of them. However, both of these developers charge much money. Full Stack developers for hire are expensive because of their high level of technical knowledge and the expanse of their knowledge. MEAN Stack developers cost you more depending on how skilled or proficient they are.
Technological Preferences: If your project requires you to switch from front-end end to back-end and vice-versa frequently, Full Stack should be your choice. At the same time, if you want your website to be updated with the latest tools and technologies in the market, you should also opt for Full-Stack. On the other hand, if you want an MVC structure for your website and want the development to be more organized with a single language, MEAN Stack is more suitable for you.
Time Frame: You may have time constraints and may need a quickly built website. In that case, a MEAN Stack developer can help you because MEAN Stack speeds up the entire process and organizes it for quick results. However, if you have some time in hand and want the best of technologies for your website, you should hire a proficient Full Stack developer.
Type of Website: Full Stack is suitable for small as well as medium enterprises where the website requirements are often intricate. Full Stack developers know which technologies they must use to break down these complex requirements and reduce the development time. MEAN Stack, on the other hand, is more suitable for single page websites and web applications. It helps to create dynamic user interfaces with high-end features while also maintaining the security of the website.