Web development and data science are prospective career options today. The field of web development has been popular for several years now; data science is relatively new. It is often confusing to choose between the two. So we are here to help you do it.
What is Data Science and How is it Different from Web Development?Data Science refers to the process by which data is analysed. It requires certain skills as well as the use of technology to do so. The concept was introduced only in 2008 and has received a lot of attention since its introduction.
Data Science has nothing to do with web development in the sense that it does not involve website development, that is, building websites for different forms.
While Python is a popular programming language among web developers, it is also used in Data Science. However, the purpose is not the same. In web development, it is used as a back-end programming language for coding. In Data Science, it is used solely to analyse data.
Coding is essential to web development. Web development is almost impossible without coding and therefore is its primary requirement. Data Science also uses coding but includes several other elements as well. For instance, statistics is important to Data Science but is not used in web development.
Both Data Science and web development require some kind of analysis. In web development, developers must analyse what the users need. They must also understand what their clients need. This understanding of the client and analysis of the market helps them to build websites for optimal results. In Data Science, analysis is essential to answer all business-related questions. A data scientist must analyse the data to determine what the market is like and derive other valuable information from the data s/he has collected.
Significantly, the availability of data is also crucial to Data Science but not so in case of web development. Data Scientists usually work with two kinds of data- structured and unstructured. A web developer may or may not collect data to understand the clients or the market. S/he may use other methods as well. Data Scientists these days also have an understanding of how websites work. This is due to the growth of e-commerce. Web developers, however, do not know about Data Science and cannot work with data.
In terms of budget, Data Science generally has a fixed budget. The budget for web development is never fixed. It changes with the change in the website, that is when new features are added to it to meet up to the market demands.
The job of web developers is more long-term compared to that of data scientists. This is because it takes a longer time to build a website than it does to analyse data and derive results from it.
Which Career Option Should You Choose?
Data Science is more in trend these days than web development. This is because it is comparatively new and not many people know about it. It also has a greater scope because it has not been worked on as much as web development. Some of the future trends in Data Science include Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning.
Data Science, then, is a good career option for those who like to learn and experiment, those who are willing to take a chance and explore different opportunities. Web development is time-tested and is, therefore, a more secure career choice. Web developers are always in demand and so finding a job is also not difficult as long as you have the relevant skills.
Web development involves more creativity, as well. You can experiment with different programming languages and frameworks and create dynamic websites. For data scientists, the primary task is to generate reports and clean up data. It may not be as interesting as developing websites. However, the future scope for Data Science is such that there can be major changes in it, and new technologies may bring about newer ways of data analysis.
When it comes to learning or acquiring skills, there are plenty of resources for both. There are online courses and boot camps for both. So you can learn in a fun and interesting way. It may take more time to learn or master web development because it involves more complications.
Both web development and Data Science are evolving and ever-growing. Their demand will not go down at any time in the near future. Ultimately, you must choose what you like more and what interests you more.
Also Read: Top Web Development Frameworks For 2020.