Carl, in terms of making a scientific case on the connection between openess and innovation, you might be interseted in AnnaLee Saxenian’s work comparing the knowledge sharing cultures of Silicon Valley with Route 128 in Boston and the connection with innovation. Quoting an article from TechCrunch summarizing Dr Saxenian’s argument:
The Silicon Valley ecosystem supported entrepreneurial experimentation and collective learning. In other words, Silicon Valley was a very open network — a giant social networking site working in analog before the concept of such a thing even existed. This organizational mechanism was in sharp contrast to that of Route 128. Dominated by large, vertically integrated, and secretive minicomputer producers such as DEC, Wang, Prime, and Data General. Technology, skill, and know-how were trapped within the boundaries of the large corporations.