In this academic article, we will be discussing the beginnings of internet MMOs (massive multiplayer online games) as well as compare and contrast to the introduction of Disney’s take on the genre, mostly focusing on their largest success: Club Penguin.

Mazewar, (as pictured on the bottom) was the first online game ever. Created in 1974, Players could interact and battle one another whilst navigating a puzzling maze. The game took the industry to the next level, people could now talk to each other across the internet.

A portion of Mazewar’s layout.

Nearly 20 years later, Meridian 59 was one of the first subscription based games…


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