this isn’t entirely clear to me… how does Amazon reinvest in its ecosystem?
chris arkenberg

(Hey Buddy!) Thanks for asking; I’m referring specifically to its product and partner ecosystem, and so it does what many large companies do in that regard, which is allocate money and other resources to developing emerging technologies and other service products (for example, Echo started as a joint venture, then evolved into a full line of business for the company). With reinvestment, Amazon will either provide service contracts to preferred startup vendors and/or will invest further tranches into those companies.