A Largely Visual History of Animation: Part 2
Compiled By Erica Gorochow for NYU/ITP’s Commlab Animation class
“The only limitation in animation is the person doing it. Otherwise there is no limit to what you can do.” — Emery Hawkins
This is a personal index of artists whose work widened what animation could become. One of the reasons I love animation is that while it’s closely linked to technology, it’s ultimately tech agnostic. Sequential images flashing over time will always be at the medium’s core.
> Mary Ellen Bute (USA)
One of the 1st female experimental filmmakers. Specialized in visual music.
Synchronomy No. 4 (1938)
> Norman McLaren (Canada)
I’m such a huge fan of McLaren. He was fearless when it came to experimenting with new methods of animation. Worth digging through NFB archives to take in the breadth of his work.
Dots (1940) (note this is playlist — teased a few of my favorites out here)
Pen Point Percussion (1951)
Ler Merle (1959)
Neighbors (1952) (He named this process ‘Pixelization’)
Vince Collins (USA)
1970s and 80s psychedelic cel animation
Life is Flashing Before Your Eyes (1984)
> Jan Svankmajer (Czech Republic)
Surrealist, often dark, stop motion animator. Again, hugely influential to scores of filmmakers and animators today. (If you’re ever in Prague you can visit his home which is also a gallery he runs with his wife!)
Dimensions of Dialogue Part 1: Eternal Dialogue (1982)
Dimensions of Dialogue Part 3: Exhausting Dialogue (1982)
Excerpt from Alice (Feature) (1988)
> Sally Cruikshank (USA)
Can’t help but to think early 90s Nickelodeon was born in the image of Sally.
> Zbig Rybczynski (Poland)
Animator and filmmaker who employed lots of different animation techniques, including cutting out celluloid frame-by-frame: “Compositing 1.0". A lot of his works deals with the manipulation and layering of synchronous time. In the early days of MTV, he made a bunch of crazy music videos.
Montage of several works (See youtube link description)
Part Three: A Tiny Survey of Animation Today
This blog post was made with the help of wikipedia and those who have uploaded incredible clips to youtube and vimeo. It’s not meant to be exhaustive, but if you feel something is wrong or grossly incomplete, please contact me @gorociao.