Under-reporting of UK Antisemitism
By Shulem Stern
Anti-Semitism is highly under-reported in the Haredi Jewish community, an issue that has been acknowledged at government level, however no feasible solution has been put forward other than an ongoing plan which is already in place. But it’s obviously not working very well to tackle this concerning trend, it is utmost concerning as the Haredi Jewish community are the most visible Jews in the UK, and therefore the most vulnerable to anti-Jewish prejudice and attacks.
This is what the Home Office and the Home Secretary write in the Government’s most recent ‘Action Against Hate’ publication (July 2016): “Jewish people from the Charedi community are less likely than other sections of the Jewish community to report hate crimes to the authorities or to our partners such the CST. We will work with the Charedi community to increase awareness, educate young people in the community as to what constitutes a hate crime and encourage reporting, including supporting youth groups with an education programme on what constitutes hate crime and how to report it.”
In order to tackle this issue, the government must understand the reasons behind why anti-Semitism is so under-reported in the Haredi Jewish community, on which I will try to shed some light here, using both my personal experiences as a Haredi Jew with a clear visible Jewish appearance and also my knowledge from working with other victims from the Haredi Jewish community as part of my work with ‘Shomrim’ (a Voluntary Proactive Neighbourhood Watch) in Stamford Hill, London.
There are five main reasons why a Haredi Jew might hesitate to report anti-Semitism to police or even to their friends and family:
Reporting anti-Semitism may result in more anti-Semitic attacks.
After a recent family holiday trip, I tweeted “Finishing two weeks of family holiday in Cornwall, I didn’t experience any anti-Semitic abuse. This is the GREAT Britain I’m so proud of”;
Finishing two weeks of family holiday in Cornwall, I didn’t experience any anti-Semitic abuse. This is the GREAT Britain 🇬🇧 I’m so proud of
— Shulem Stern (@ShulemStern) August 29, 2016
That weekend, I met a friend of mine, also a Haredi Jewish man, who challenged me why I wrote this tweet. I asked him where he went on holiday and if he experienced anti-Semitism, he admitted that he had experienced anti-Semitism during his short holiday in Central England, but explained his argument that “this tells everyone we expect to experience anti-Semitism wherever we go, which will encourage more attacks.”
I had a lengthy discussion with him, and explained the importance of reporting all crimes including anti-Semitic hate crimes, and reassured him that the general law abiding citizen is not an anti-Semite and will not target him because they knew he felt vulnerable and expected to be racially/religiously abused regularly, which he eventually understood. But there are many more in the Haredi Jewish community who believe this misconception, and will deliberately avoid speaking up against anti-Semitism and reporting hate crime.
Anti-Semitism is part of normal life, I am not man enough if I report it.
As part of my work with ‘Shomrim,’ I get to speak to many members of the Haredi Jewish community about their concerns and experiences; recently, another friend of mine, also a visible Haredi Jew, told me that he experiences anti-Semitic verbal abuse regularly (as do most visible Jews), but never reports these incidents; he explained that it happens so often that it has become part of normal life which he must accept, and that he may be seen in a bad way if he reports it, that he is not man enough to accept the abuse and walk on; though he did agree that he would report more serious offences, for example if he was assaulted.
Anti-Semitism feeds the Zionist agenda and endorses Israeli policies which I do not agree with.
It is not uncommon to find Haredi Jews who do not proactively support Israel, you don’t have to look any further than the neighbourhood I live in, Stamford Hill, which has the largest Haredi Jewish community in the UK but you are unlikely to see any Israeli flags. I am not referring to ‘Neturei Karta’ who are a minority, I am referring to a large section in the Haredi Jewish community who are not anti-Zionist nor pro-Zionist, but one thing is certain, when Israel is at the receiving end of criticism the Haredi Jewish community, being the most visible Jews in Britain, see an immediate spike in hostility and hatred towards them, this happens every time without fail; this is a strong reason why some members in the Haredi Jewish community do not wish to report anti-Semitism as they feel anti-Semitism justifies the foundation of the State of Israel and that their report will help the Zionist cause and endorse its policies which they may not agree with.
Nobody will be brought to justice, my report is pointless.
This is an issue not solely for hate crime, but also for reporting crime in general, many victims in the Haredi Jewish community will not report crime if the perpetrator is no longer around, as the chances of them getting caught are minimal, they feel they are wasting their time reporting these incidents. As part of my work with ‘Shomrim’ I always explain the importance of reporting crime, even if the perpetrator is unlikely to get caught, as this will allow the police to focus their patrols accordingly to help deter crime and increase their chances of bringing offenders to justice.
Fear of reprisal and revenge.
This in my experience is the number one reason victims hesitate to report crime, victims regularly raise this concern, they are scared the perpetrator might take revenge and attack another Jew as revenge for reporting them. This is a fear which is the opposite from reality, in my experience I have seen that perpetrators who are not held to account for their actions will return and commit more serious offences, and offenders that are arrested realise that you will not tolerate their behaviour and will go elsewhere.
I hope you have found this blog insightful and share it with others who may benefit from a greater understanding on this issue. Feel free to send me your feedback via Twitter @ShulemStern.
Originally published on Times of Israel: http://blogs.timesofisrael.com/anti-semitism-and-the-uk-haredi-jewish-community/