The big cities paving the way for tomorrow’s transportation
There are many countries who have been focused on improving public transport as well as some countries who are relatively new to the party. Despite conflicts of opinion, transport is the key that links economic and social networks, allowing us to thrive. Here are some regions that are putting the right foot forward to improve their current public transport systems.
Sydney has completed incredible public transport schemes in the past century, and now has a vision for a more improved system that will affect the lives of millions.
Sydney councils have now approved a $12 billion AUD ($8.8 billion USD) rail project set to pave tunnels under the harbour which “will rival any megaproject across the globe”. This is not a new concept, as the city already has the City Harbour Tunnel available for vehicle traffic, although the railway version will highly increase access to Sydney’s already congested transportation system.
The project will most likely involve the removal of a few 20-something storey buildings around the CBD to accommodate for construction. It will add 31 new stations to the line connecting the northern and western suburbs of Sydney and have a new train passing every 2 minutes.
Critics have lashed out, saying that the focus is so heavy on central Sydney, while other areas still do not have adequate transport. Sydney is also in the process of installing a $1.6 billion light rail network, expected to be finished by 2020.
After high success with railway systems in Delhi, the Indian government has given a thumbs up to continue expansion around the country. The Delhi railway is the largest in the country, currently supporting 2.8 million passengers every day. Jaipur metro only carries around 20,000 passengers per day, incurring a loss of $500 million every month.
In 2009, the Indian government introduced the ‘National Urban Renewal Mission (NURM)’ and has consistently shown effort to improve India’s transport network.
ICRA Limited (2016) reported that the 100 largest Indian cities need approximately $15.4 billion for 150,000 new buses. This would increase daily passengers to a range of 120–150 million per day.
Algeria has stepped up the game in the last decade and now has a €1.1 billion ($1.17 billion USD) underground railway system. The government has recently announced a two-part upgrade to further expand the countries network.
The first upgrade will be a 1.7 km extension to the Place des Martyrs, which will double daily passengers to 200,000 when the project is completed at the end of 2017. Also due is a 3.6-km section between Ain Naadja and Baraki, south of the city centre is scheduled for delivery in late 2018.
The second upgrade will be a huge 10 km extension from El Harrach to Houari Boumediene Airport which is started in 2015 and is expected to conclude in 2019. All the upgrades are part of a €110 million extension project launched last year by the Algerian government.
Tehran has faced constant criticism due to its inefficient public transport system that has failed to cater to millions of commuters.
The city currently has 7,000 buses — assuming none are out for repairs- despite requiring 10,000 at a minimum.
The government has planned to buy or renovate 3,000 new buses and has signed contracts with local distributors to buy 500 new CNG- fuelled buses.
In early January, 26 single cabin buses were added to the south of Tehran, while 65 new metro train coaches were added to the subway in the same period.
Current capacity is between 3.5–4 million passengers daily which is set to increase by 225,000 with the new coaches. There has already been $2 billion dedicated to purchasing 2,000 subway cars for the city.
The transport budget for Tehran is set to increase to $5.6 billion in 2018, subject to approval by the government in December.
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These were only a few of the cities showing commitment to national improvement through transportation networks. It is likely that we will see more plans emerging for transport construction during 2017 as governments and councils struggle to keep up a pace as rapid as international growth.