Respect for Persons
The principle of Respect for Persons explicitly explains that researchers have obligation to respect individual’s right to make the decision without showing any bias over it. In addition, consider those who are under diminished autonomy, researchers must provide protection. for instance, the researchers have obligation to protect those who are immature or incapability. (“The Belmont Report”) One way people might be confused about this is the meaning of respect here. They would misunderstand the respect as not name calling or slander the disables, however, in this case, the term “respect” requires researchers to take an action on assuring the right of the diminished autonomy subjects.
In the real world, applying this principle can be hard. When researchers confront this principle, it’s difficult for them to figure out how to separate the type of people into two categories and pick those who fit their researches topics. Because based on diverse topics, the triggered users will be different, then they can no longer use the same system to picking a certain level autonomy subject. Otherwise, the principle indicates that “ subjects enter into the research voluntarily and with adequate information.”(“The Belmont Report”) so the term adequate is vague enough to cause mistakes by researchers while offering too much information or make the participants knowing less than they are supposed to know. Moderating can be difficult.
I would like to use my usability test activity to further exam the principle. I asked the participants whether they could be part of our experiment on testing how well they are on using a microwave at the local point, which proofs that the subjects are all voluntarily entering my usability test and I provided properly information so that the participants knew the intention of this experiment without getting prepared ahead. That is acknowledging autonomy. In supporting the informed consent, I explicitly explained the purpose of the test and mentioned they have the right to decide whether to participate in it, as well as I will make sure none of the design topics would cause destruction. In order to protect those with diminished autonomy, I didn’t ask my little sister or any other kids at my house or the disabled to ensure that they will not be harmed in the experiment. Moreover, during the process, I didn’t show the steps to finish the tasks I made for them, so they have 100% freedom in making their own decision on how to approach the task, This proofs that the autonomy subjects are respected with their choices without getting influenced by us, the researchers. Those can be applied to every usability tests in the future.
Using the interaction design I did from week 2 as an example, I designed an app called “Hunt and Seek”, which will collect information on wild animals the users, in this case, indicate the hunters. From the name, the users will be given the power to choose whether to user this app with the informed consent by reducing the risk of exploring dangerous areas, as well as some potential risks might happen when using this app. my app shows detailed instruction about the functions that the users are free to use, I also ask for the permission to access the album and upload pictures or location to achieve the goal of informed consent. my app also requires the user ID and age to make sure everyone is under autonomy condition. The app doesn’t allow those with diminished autonomy to participate to ensure their security. The app is limited to the autonomous group which applied the principle of respect. When supporting the informed consent, we are also obligated to inform the users the potential dangers and the purpose of this app. In addition, the users must understand the consequences of using the app with signing the consent form to enhance their understanding of their autonomous options.
“The Belmont Report”. HHS.gov. N.p., 2017. Web. 17 May 2017.