Social changes within families and the communities in Australia
In Australia, it has been reported that since 2001 there has been major changes in social changes and family life over the past three decades. There has been less people marrying while more people are getting divorced, people having less children and the number of people living by themselves have been rising. The economic structure of working and having a secure job with longer working hours has had a big social effect and impact. The media have been exploring and formulating the national monitored economy of the increasing globalisation of the formed elements of social shifts. In conclusion to this matter no reports from the media have been exposed to these questions. There has been a debate focusing on fertility rate on encouraging women to have more children for the benefit of national economy.
In summary, it has been proven that most people either delay not marry at all or either delay their formal marriage. Divorce rates are increasing high and just over a half of them have children. Malcolm Turnbull, a Liberan Party figure has responded and urged governments to prevent of ageing national population by providing courses in high schools about marriage and informing students as well as introducing contracts to make divorces more difficult. It is simply the choice of an individual and their choice to avoid any observation that will irritate or affect their life which on the other hand affects the economic change as well. There are indications that social shifts are increasing by larger job securities, longer working hours, lower wages and the need of two or more people to have an stable income to preserve a family as well as health and education services. Couples with two sustainable incomes are even finding it harder to go on mortgage to buy a home and raising children. Couples who are already married, either with or without children still face major financial issues. Working hours due to the past have changed enormously, people who work more than 45 hours per week have increased by 75% while they work as part time/casual position usually having low payment have almost doubled from 15% to 29% as recorded in the year of 2000. It is indicated that mostly women who are working without any children have a higher rate than women who do have children.
The birth rates in Australia and rise of population recorded until the year of 2000 has shown that there has been an increase from 3.77 million to 19.16 million. The population has been increasing up until up to date in the year of 2015, the rise of its reach have affected the country economically, environmentally and in areas such as employment. It is more difficult to find a decent paying job for younger people who are more of being pushed into low paying jobs and into part timers. There is a growth in unemployment for people who are aged between 15 to 19 year olds, who are being introduced and promoted to further education which will secure their future employment opportunities and improve their careers. Students are being forced to work in which most of them work in full-time jobs as well as studying in order to make a living and other students studying full-time and working less hours are more dependent on their families and parents. Students find it almost impossible to live stress free or independently due to paying debts even after graduating and paying off large number of money from their studies and low wages from employment.
Looking further into employment opportunities with the amount of increase of population in the latest years since 2000 has came to an outcome of people suffering to find a job with a high paying income as well as paying high rent and bills especially all over the Sydney region.
Recently, a review of housing rental was calculated in Sydney, New South Wales and it was found that out of the 65,614 properties only 10 properties were available for a person living on a newstart. Wages have been rising generally by 41% in the past 10 years and rents have been rising by 54% which is a good percent of a deal that is rising faster than residential housing prices.
In relation to this renting costs more in terms for an person who is earning an average wage, but it is worse for people who earn less of a minimum wage which has only just risen by 3% over in the past year of 2015.
Australia’s economy is known as one of the largest mixed market economies in the world. It has been proven that Australia has accepted a large number of immigrants with results of an estimated number of 349,000 immigrants who have migrated until the year of 2014. The population in the country has increased by migrants entering the country rather than those who leave to live overseas. It is a challenge for immigrants to find employment rather than Australian-born citizens in the country. Recent settlers struggle to find work because of their language skills, relevant experience or references, however most people within time do get the opportunity to find work and settle. To become an Australian permanent citizen is now harder than before as it was 2 years of arriving into the country that you could gain a citizenship with meeting the requirements by law but now it is up to 5 years of waiting time. People find it a real struggle to find a suitable employment with providing their families to make a living. Since the year of 2001, there has been all types of social changes that affect people’s lives but one that stands out is the high ratings of economy which reflects on the pricing of housing, bills, education, transportation and our day to day lives. Sydney in particular from the rest of other states in Australia has been named as the fifth most expensive city to live in the world.