Preconception Counseling is a meeting with a health care professional by a women before attempting to become pregnant. It generally includes a pre-conception risk assessment for any potential complications of pregnancy as well as modifications of risk factors, such as increasing folic acid intake to reduce the risk of neural tube defects and counseling on smoking cessation, alcohol reduction, and medications that may compromise fetal development.

The goal of pre-conception care is to reduce the risk of adverse health effects for the woman, fetus by optimizing the woman’s health and knowledge before planning and conceiving a pregnancy. Because reproductive capacity spans almost four decades for most women, optimizing women’s health before and between pregnancies is an ongoing process that requires access to and the full participation of all segments of the health care system.

The aim of preconception care is to bring to a state of excellent preconception health prior to conception. This goal necessitates making sure the woman is in a safe environment, has access to excellent medical care, and has a network of supportive people and experts in the wings. Counseling is also offered during preconception care. Women are advised on how to avoid those substances that may damage their health of that of their future babies. They are taught to protect themselves from developing a drug or alcohol habit. The best gynecologist in Bangalore will also educate women and their partners about domestic violence, genetic risk factors, and mental health issues. These are factors which may have an impact on a future pregnancy and so they are addressed during preconception care visits.

All women of childbearing age, including women with disabilities, should have access to preconception care that addresses the medical, psychological and social impacts of pregnancy. Women with disabilities can and do have healthy pregnancies. Accurate knowledge of disabling conditions and a shared multidisciplinary approach to pregnancy management are critical components for good pregnancy outcomes among women with disabilities.