My class, COM 320, discussed about classical approaches and human relationship approach for week 2. I will write about three aspects of the approaches. The first aspect is Specialize. It also also called division of labor. Every part has a specific function. Next aspect is standardized. It includes replacing-ability. Employees can be replied and are interchangeable. Last aspect is Predictability. It runs according to specific rules and standards. If something goes wrong, it can be fixed by looking at how the rules and standards were applied or misapplied.
Also, there are three people’s theories of approaches. First, Fayol’s theory of classical management is. An effective organization is highly structured, and each individual knows where he or she fits. Clear structure facilitates the functioning of the organization, clear rules deal with these structures. It is the principles of the organizational structure, and general and industrial management. It focuses on management. Next theory is Max Weber’s theory of bureaucracy. Bureaucracy allows for the optimal form of authority- “rational authority”. There are three types of Legitimate authority. First, the traditional authority is. It is past customs; personal loyalty for example, 金正日 become the king because of his father. Second is charismatic authority; personal trust in character and skills, for example movie star and singer. Third is rational authority; rational application of rules or laws, for example police officer. They are focused on organizational structure, and worker should respect the “right” of managers to direct activities dictated by organizational rules and procedures. Last theory is Taylor’s theory of scientific management. Scientific methods are used to determine the best way to do each job. There is one best way to do every job. It involves the proper selection of workers. There is an inherent difference between management and workers, such as a strict division of labor. All 3 theories attempt to enhance management’s ability to predict and control the behavior of their workers.