History of Umrah
Umrah as compare to hajj is not mandatory but Muslims perform this to get blessing of Allah. Umrah can be perform at any time of year. In this pilgrimage Muslims take Umrah Package and go to Kaaba. There are rare Muslims who know the history of Umrah. Here in this article history of Umrah is described briefly so that every Muslim can know history of Umrah.
All through Muhammad’s (PBUH) era the Muslims needed to set up the privilege to perform Umrah and Hajj. All through that time Mecca was involved by Arab Pagans who used to worship idols inside Mecca the first military crusade related toward the Umrah was the Nakhla Raid arranged by Muhammad (PBUH), Abdullah ibn Jahsh’s was the leader of this mission.
Amid this attack one of Abdullah ibn Jahsh’s men , Ukkash ibn Mihsan, was shaven in go to shroud the genuine reason for their section and to give the Quraysh the instinct of lesser Hajj (Umra); for it was the month (Rajab) when aggression were prohibited.
At the point when the Quraysh saw the shaven head of Ukkash they consideration that the gathering was end route for journey and they felt eased and started to set up camp. They stated, “These individuals search out the `Umrah, so there is no compelling reason to dread them. The consecrated a long time of the Arab Pagans were the first, seventh, eleventh and twelfth months of the Islamic calendar.
Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) signed the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, During this occasion Muslims go to Mecca to offer the lesser journey (Umrah) Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) additionally arranged the Expedition of Abu Qatadah ibn Rab’i al-Ansari (Batn Edam) to dismiss the concentration from his objective of aggressive Mecca. He dispatched 8 men to attack a procession going amid Edam.
Kathir deciphers this as, God asking that Muslims be more careful when battling “in the way for Allah”, as to decrease the possibility of killing Muslims coincidentally, as occurred in this incident. To end with Muhammad (PBUH) ordered and participated in the totally peaceful Conquest of Mecca.
After the victory the general populations of Makkah who had oppressed and headed out the early Muslims, and had battled against the Muslims because of their thinking were afraid of retribution. But, Muhammad (PBUH) forgave even the most ardent of enemies of Islam to build up safe sanctuary in their homes. This was a huge moment where Muhammad (PBUH) demonstrated kindness as divergent to retaliation to the people of Makkah. In this way, the privilege to perform Umrah and Hajj were sure.
Type of Umrah
There are two kinds of Umrah, depending upon whether one requirement to associate the Umrah with Hajj:
al-Umrat al-mufradah al-mustaqillah ‘an al-Hajj (al-Umrat al mufradah) and al-Umrat al-mundammah ila al-Hajj (Umrat al-tammatu).
al-Umrat al mufradah alludes to Umrah that is performed independently of Hajj.
Umrat al-tammatu alludes to Umrah that is performed in simultaneousness with Hajj. More specifically, the customs of the Umrah are performed first and afterward the Hajj ceremonies are performed.
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