P A P E R

PERSONAL SELECTION / /

Paper is an important part of my every day life. I can use paper to draw on, to pass notes, to do my homework, or even to hold my thoughts.

HISTORY / /

The history of paper dates back almost 2,000 years to when inventors in China first made fabric sheets so they would have a place to keep their drawings and writings. Before then, people were only able to talk through pictures and symbols carved into stone, bones, cave walls, or clay tablets.

FUNCTION — PURPOSE / /

Paper can be made into or used for many things such as : money, notes, checks, tickets, books, notebooks, magazines, newspapers, art, letters, bags, boxes, envelopes, packaging, wrapping paper, wallpaper, toilet paper, paper towels, tissues, origami, and many more.

USER / /

A user is the person who is about to use an object or product, so in this case our user is the person using a form or paper or paper product. Paper has a wide range of users because it can be used by people all around the world. From adults, to kids, to elephants that paint.

MATERIALS — PRODUCTION / /

Over hundreds of years, paper has been made from many materials like wood, pulp, rice, water plants, cotton, even old clothes!

To begin the paper making process we first have to find and cut down trees. Those trees are then cut into logs and are transported to a paper mill (the place where paper is made). At the mill, a debarker removes the bark from each log. The log is then cut into boards of many sizes. Any left over wood from the board is chopped into wood chips. These wood chips are then put into “pulp digesters” where they are broken down by steam (vaporized water) and chemicals into a pudding like substance called plup. The pulp is then cleaned and ready to become paper.

Pulp is first fed into the paper-making machine. As the pulp is carried along the machine it begins to become one sheet. While the sheets of plup are still damp, it is fed through a series of heated rollers to dry it. After this the paper is cut into the sheets you see every day.

AFFORDANCE / /

Affordance is a fancy term that describes the clues that an object gives you so that you know how to use it. For example when you see a car door handle you know to pull it because of its shape that it easy to grab.

Paper’s affordance is quite broad because its use is chosen by the person who is about to use it. When you see a piece of paper what is your first instinct? I usually pull out a pen or a marker and begin to doodle or write my thoughts down, but that may not be your favorite way to use paper. Maybe you love to make paper air planes, or you like to use your parents old news papers for an art project, or maybe you love to read on paper from books or magazines.

Paper allows you to be creative and to choose how you want to interact with it. How do you like to use paper?

RESOURCES / /

http://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/technology/technology-terms-and-concepts/paper

https://d3hjf51r9j54j7.cloudfront.net/wp-content/uploads/sites/7/2014/04/01_PM2_Overview_7445_retkabel-620x330.jpg

http://www.kemira.com/SiteCollectionImages/industries/paper/process/paper-chemical-pulp-kemira-large.jpg

https://vignette2.wikia.nocookie.net/uncyclopedia/images/e/e7/White-paper.jpg/revision/latest?cb=20130529160159

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_paper

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paper

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