The tie plays a major but mystical role in every Man’s wardrobe. It has no real function, other than decoration and while men’s tailored clothing tends to be rather consistent, ties tend to differ substantially from one another. The tie is the most personal and variable thing a man wears. It’s sort of the wild card of the wardrobe. Neck-wear dates back 30,000 years back when primitive people adorned their chests with beads and bangles. But the first neckties, more commonly known back then as “Cravats” (From the Croatian word Kravate) were worn by Croatian soldiers in the 17th century. This was the origin of the “Bow tie”. King Louis XIV was so impressed by the colored silk scarfs; he adopted the fashion himself which later spread to England and this has been part of men’s neck-wear since then.
The Stock tie which had a well tied knot in the front but was actually fastened at the back was an alternative to the Cravat for almost two decades, which was eventually forgotten in the early 1900s. The modern necktie as we know it emerged in the 20th century.
* Raw materials
Most commonly used fibers for the making of neckties are silk, polyester, wool and wool blends. About 40 percent of the market is dominated by Silk-made ties. Technological advances has paved the way for the use of microfiber polyesters to produce a soft yet rich fabric resembling silk and it can be combined with natural and artificial fibers to create a wide range of patterns.
The creation and designing of a necktie is an interactive process shared between the weavers and the tie manufacturers. Due to the fact that the fabrics can be so complex, tie fabric weaving can be considered an art entirely by many involved in the industry. Weavers use computerized silk screens which is a process that has replaced time consuming labor intensive manual silk screening. The designer fill s in colors and changing both background and foreground hues making it broader, narrower, larger or smaller according to request.
The most important parts of a necktie are the Shell, the outer fabric, the interlining and the tipping or facing, which is stitched by a resilient slip stitch which in return enables the tie to recover to the proper state after constant knotting. If a tie holds its shape without wrinkling, the tie is of high quality and a product of expert craftsmanship.
A completed tie usually measures from 53–57 inches in length. Extra-long ties (Designs specifically for tall men or men with larger necks) are 60–62 inches long and student ties are between 48–50 inches in length.
Long ties come in a variety of widths and lengths. The tie should be as wide as the widest point of your jacket lapel. When tied, the tip should be in the vicinity of your belt buckle. It shouldn’t be any longer, although a bit shorter is acceptable.
Majority of Men worry over choosing the perfect tie. This is not a difficult task to accomplish. There are 3 important elements involved: The jacket, shirt and the tie. One of these should be solid. You do not want to sport a striped shirt and tie and if you are wearing two elements with stripes always make sure they are of different sized stripes which will contrast the two separately.
Types of long ties.
2) Pre- tied Ties
3) Skinny tie
4) Normal tie
Four main tie knots
1) The four in hand knot.
2) The Pratt knot
3) The Half — Windsor knot
4) The Full-Windsor knot
These ties can be worn according to the requirement and can serve a wide purpose. Usually one knot is enough to survive for the rest of your life but it is advised to experiment with new knots as there are over 80 ways of tying a tie and knowing a few would definitely come in handy. It is also crucial that you learn to match your tie to the shirt of your choice. Attention to detail is very important when handling ties.