Gujarat-The Land of the Legends
Gujarat is a state in northwestern India,on the border with Pakistan and Rajastan in the north east ,Madhya Pradesh in the east, and Maharasthra and the Union territories of Diu,Daman,Dadra and Nagar Haveli in the south.
The first settlers in the state of gujarat were Gujjars who happened to be an ethnic group of India,Pakistan and Afghanistan.Although their origins remain uncertain,the clan appeared in northen India and in Saurashtra about the time of the Huna invasion.The name of the tribe was ‘sanskritized’ to ‘Gurjara’ who followed the main religions of Hinduism,Islam,Sikkism and Christianity.
It was during the 900s that the Solanki Dynasty came to power.Under the Solanki Dynasty,Gujarat reached to its greatest extent.It is believed that Gujjars belonged to this Solanki Dynasty because Pratiharas,the Paramaras and the Solankies were imperial Gujjars.
Karandev of the Vaghela dynasty was the last Hindu ruler of Gujarat and he was overthrown by the superior forces of Allaudin Khilji from Delhi in 1297.
The muslim rule continued for 400 years.Gujarat’s Muslim governer Zafar Khan Muzaffar asserted his independence and established the first Muslim sultanate in Gujarat.
The Mughal Emperor Akbar conquered Malwa and Gujarat in 1570s.The Mughals ruled for about 2 centuries till the streak was terminated by the Marathas in mid 18th century.The graeat Maratha ruler Chatrapati Shivaji conqured gujarat with his milittary skill.
In 1600′s the Dutch,French,English and Portugese-all established bases along with Daman,Diu,Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
From 1600 till 1947 the British East India company ruled in Gujarat for a very long period of time.During this period beetween 1600 to 1947 independence movement started by Mahatma Gandhi,Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel,Morarji Desai.
After the independence,in 1948, a MahaGujarat conference took place to integrate the entire Gujarati speaking population under one administrative body and on 1 May 1960 ,The state split from MahaGujarat to two indivisual state Gujarat and Maharasthara.
Gujarat had different Chief Ministers since its formation in 1960 from Dr Jivraj Narayan Mehta to Anandiben Patel as CM at the time of my current writing.