Hip-hop music could be the vehicle of hip-hop culture and has “rapping” (superimposed with vocals) by emcees. Due to this, hip-hop music is sometimes known as “rap music,” However, people that dismiss hip-hop as rap music don’t comprehend its rich history and the influence this genre of music dons youth culture.
Hip-hop music is a vehicle utilised by the singers to deal with racism, oppression, and poverty issues. It narrates tales of inner city African-Americans living the American dream (through effort, courage and determination you can achieve prosperity) from the bottom up, and bitterly touches upon racism, broken homes, and overcoming adversity.
Designed by Jamaican migrant DJ Kool Herc in the early 70s in Ny, it’s since then spread its tentacles around the world. Herc shifted from reggae records to funk, rock and disco. Due to rapid percussive breaks, he soon began extending them using an audio mixer and 2 records. As the unique design of music had been a hit, performers (emcees) began superimposing the music with vocals; initially, they introduced themselves among others within the audience. Later, the rapping became more diverse, incorporating brief rhymes, often with a sexual or violent theme, so as to entertain the audience.
In the mid-1970s, hip-hop split up into two groups. One focused on getting the crowd dancing, another highlighted rapid-fire rhymes. The 1980s witnessed further diversification in hip-hop; highly metaphoric lyrics rapping over multi-layered beats replaced simple vocals. In the 90s, gangsta rap (glorified outlaw lifestyle) became mainstream. Hip-hop was soon a fundamental piece of mainstream music, and nearly all the pop songs featured a basic part of hip-hop.
In the 90s and in the following decade, elements of hip-hop were included in diverse genres of music: hip-hop soul combined hip-hop and soul music; in the Dominican Republic, a recording by Santi Y Sus Duendes and Lisa M was coined “Meren-rap,” a fusion of hip-hop and meringue. In Europe, Africa, and Asia, hip-hop has undergone a transition from an underground occurrence to the mainstream market.