Great story of Chakravarti Emperor Asoka
Idealist and versatile, the precursor of human civilization and the ancient Indian history star Ashok was a great emperor. In All historians of the eye are called the golden period of Ashoka’s reign.
Ashok was the son of Bindusara, in the Buddhist scriptures Deepavansha, Bindusara’s 16 wives and 101 sons are mentioned. Ashoka’s mother’s name was Shubhadagri. Bindusara had arranged to give an excellent education to all his sons. But Ashoka was the best and the wise in all of them. Bindusara appointed Ashok as a good leader of Ujjain for administrative education. Ashok was very cloudy from childhood. Ashoka is counted among the greatest rulers of the world.
Sushim was the eldest son of Bindusara, but he was unable to suppress the rebellion in Takshshila only during the reign of Bindusara. Bindusara sent Ashok to Takshshila. Ashok succeeded in establishing peace there. Ashoka was successful in administrative work only during his father’s reign. When 273 BC In ill-conditioned sickness, Ashok was a good leader of Ujjain. On hearing the father’s illness, he left for Pataliputra, but on the way, Ashok got the news of the death of father Bindusara. By reaching Pataliputra, he had to face those people who did not like him. Ashoka was too far from succession because of lack of Yuvraaj. But the qualification of Ashoka meant that Ashoka was a better successor. Many people were also in favor of Ashok. Therefore, with the help of them, and after a stringent struggle of four years, 269 BC Ashoka was formally enthroned in.
Ashok, which represents the sacrifice, charity, and generosity in the administrative field, and inspires humans to raise the moral level, they are not seen anywhere else in world history. Ashok made many improvements to run the governance smoothly and appointed many Dharma-Mahapatra. Asoka considered his people as his offspring. He appointed provincial princes for the public interest. It is clear from Ashoka’s sixth article that he was an efficient administrator. His message was -
“Every time I am eating or in the dormitory, let me know the situation of the reproductive people. I will work everywhere, the people’s interest is my duty and its basic industry and works readiness.”
The result of Ashoka’s merit was that he ruled for 40 years with skill, which is the reason that centuries later; Even today, people remember Ashok as a good master.
Ashoka was not so famous for the war as a religion became famous as the winner. He not only had the vision of generosity but also of the entire world of the whole world. That is why he banned the killing of animal birds. Ashok also used to construct shady trees, hospices, and wells for the public interest. He arranged for useful medicines and dispensaries for humans and animals.
For the protection of the borders of his empire and the desire of business from South India, In 261 BC. Ashoka attacked Kalinga.The war became very fierce. In this war, Ashoka got the victory. The details of which are mentioned in the thirteenth inscription of Ashoka. Despite being victorious, Ashoka was not happy with this victory, because of this massacre of genocide in the war which saw Ashoka’s mind flowing. The gravity of the war had an impact on the mind and heart that Ashoka gave up the policy of war forever. He adopted Dharm Vijay in place of Digvijay. He ordered his employees to be treated with childhood with Kalinga’s public and to have a fair deal with everyone. He wrote his order on the inscription. These orders are on Dholli and Jogda inscriptions. After the Kalinga war, there was a great change in the behavior of Emperor Ashoka and the Kalinga war was his last military campaign. This peace of Ashoka, beloved Niti, made him immortal.
Ashoka also reformed the condition of prisoners during his regime. He once started the practice of freeing the prisoners once a year. Ashok had appointed an officer named Vyusht to visit the state permanently. After Kalinga Vijay, Ashoka’s empire expanded to the Bay of Bengal. Nepal and Kashmir were also in the state of Magadha. The empire was wide in the south till the river Pannar. In the northwest, Afghanistan and Balochistan were also part of the kingdom of Ashoka.
Ashoka has summed up his theory of dharma in his records.
In the first inscription, it is written — It is appropriate to not sacrifice animals for yajna or food” At the same time, Ashok has also written a message of respect to parents, gurus and elderly people on the inscription. The main objective of Ashoka’s Dharm Pramash was to promote peace and harmony in society.
He sent his son Mahendra and daughter Sandhimittra to the Buddhist campaign in Sri Lanka, to be the instrument of propagation of most of the rock inscriptions written by Ashok.
Most of Ashoka’s messages are in Brahmi script. Some records have also been used in the Harshit and Armeic script. First of all, in 1837 a scholar named James Prinsep had achieved success in reading it.
The records written by Ashoka are divided into four parts, fourteen-body inscriptions, miniature inscriptions, pillar inscriptions and short pillar inscriptions. Ashoka had made many pillars during his reign, out of which only about 19 could be received today. Of these, Ashoka Pillar, the heritage of our culture, has been adopted as a national symbol. Four lions located in the pillar are symbols of strength, bravery, pride, and superstition. The Ashok Chakra, built in the lower part of the Ashoka pillar, is increasing the glory of the national flag.
In Ashoka, there was the strong sentiment of conscientiousness. He had proclaimed that,
“Whatever the power I do, is to repay the debt, which is all the beings on me.”
There are many misconceptions about the date of the death of Emperor Ashoka. According to some historians, Ashoka died in 232 BC Had happened in
Historian Dr. Radhakumud Mukherjee has written that “In the history of kings, Ashoka can not be compared to any other king.”
According to historians, Ashok is strong like Chandragupta, equitable primate like Samundra Gupta and unbiased as Akbar. Ashoka had fulfilled the attempt by Chandragupta Maurya to engage India in a political formula. Undoubtedly Ashoka was a great ruler. His ideal world is the important spiritual capital.
Some of the interesting facts about Emperor Ashoka.
- Ashoka’s full name was “Ashok Vardhan Maurya”. Ashoka means — without any grief means that there is no pain.
- Ashoka later took the title of “Devanampiya Piyadasi” meaning “God of love and love for the gods”.
- The killing of his brothers, including the eldest brother and the murder of Sushim, the successor of Bindusara; Due to Ashoka, there was also a name named Chanda Ashoka. Which means Merciless or ruthless Ashok.
- It is believed that Ashoka did not kill all of his brothers and many brothers, including a younger brother named Tishi, gave him control over several provinces of the Magadha Empire.
- At the age of 18, Ashoka was appointed Viceroy of Ujjain, a province of Avanti.
- Ashoka’s first wife, Devi, was the daughter of a Buddhist businessman. Asoka received son Mahindra and daughter Sanghamitra. Devi never went to the capital Pataliputra.
- Mahendra and Sanghamitra are considered responsible for the promotion of Buddhism in Sri Lanka.
- After handling the rebellion of Takshshila, the possibility of becoming Ashoka’s next king increased, the causing disturbance, the elder brother Sushim banish him by King Bindusar.
- During this Ashoka met a fisherman’s daughter Karunavaki and got married. With this marriage, he has a son named Tiwala. Only the name of this queen is found in inscriptions.
- The name of Ashoka’s queen was the name of Anandhamitra, who was from a princely family and her entire life was becoming the chief queen. However, Ashoka had no children from this queen.
- Chakravarti Emperor Ashoka’s rule was 40 years old, while his father’s Shashan was 25 years old and the Shashan period of Chandra Gupta Maurya, the first emperor of the Maurya dynasty, was 24 years old.
- The death of more than 1 lakh people in Kalinga’s war shocked Ashoka and from then on he sought peace and gradually adopted Buddhism.
- It is believed that before adopting Buddhism, Ashoka was a worshiper of Lord Shiva.
- Ashoka believed that Buddhism is not only for human beings but also for animals and plants, and he sent his missionaries to Sri Lanka, Nepal, Syria, Afghanistan, Greece, and Egypt to spread Buddhism.
- The empire of Ashoka was spread throughout the Indian sub-continent. It was the largest Indian empire till then, from the ranges of Hindukush in the north to the south of the Godavari river in the south and Mysore and in the east, from Bengal to the west, Afghanistan was reached.
- Several major universities were established during the rule of Ashoka, in which Taxila and Nalanda University were prominent.
- Sanchi stupa is still a popular tourist spot in Madhya Pradesh, built by Emperor Ashoka in the third century.
- After the death of Ashoka, the Maurya Empire lasted for almost 50 years. The name of his last ruler was Brahndrat, who was killed by his General Pusyamitra Sanga in 185 BC.
- The Ashoka Chakra, taken from the Ashoka pillar, has been placed in the National Flag of India and the symbol of the four lions has been given the honor of the national emblem.