How Does the Orthodox Church Interpret the Act of Rebaptizing a Child?

Kate Chered
3 min readNov 30, 2023


What Drives Parents to Contemplate Rebaptizing Their Children in Modern Society

In today’s world, superstitions continue to influence many people’s beliefs and actions. It’s not uncommon for parents, even those who consider themselves religious, to link family troubles, illnesses, and other adversities to the evil eye, curses, or malevolent forces. This thought process often leads to the consideration of rebaptizing children.

Parents mainly consider rebaptism for several reasons:

  1. Assigning a New Name: Some parents wish to give their child a new name during baptism, known only to close family members. They believe this will protect the child from evil forces.
  2. Changing Godparents: Ideally, godparents should play a role in the child’s Christian upbringing. However, relationships can sour or end, leading parents to seek new godparents.
  3. Conscious Baptism: Often, children are baptized at a very young age. As they grow older and gain understanding, parents may desire a more conscious and meaningful baptism for their child.

How Does Orthodox Christianity View the Practice of Rebaptizing?

The Orthodox Church’s stance on rebaptism is clear and categorical: Baptism is a sacrament that a person undergoes only once in their lifetime. It’s likened to a spiritual birth where original sins are forgiven. This belief is rooted in one of the most important Orthodox prayers, the “Nicene Creed,” which mentions “one baptism for the remission of sins.”

Orthodox priests warn against a superstitious or occult approach to baptism. Instead, they emphasize the importance of a family’s role in nurturing a child’s faith and adherence to Orthodox traditions to provide spiritual protection against negative influences.

It is crucial to understand that in the Orthodox perspective, rebaptism is not only unnecessary but also theologically and doctrinally incorrect. The church teaches that the grace of God, received through the first baptism, is enduring and sufficient for a lifetime.

Comparison of Orthodox and Catholic Perspectives on Rebaptism

The Catholic Church, similar to the Orthodox Church, upholds the belief that baptism is a one-time sacrament. This viewpoint aligns with the broader Christian doctrine that views baptism as a permanent spiritual transformation.


How Does the Orthodox Church Interpret the Act of Rebaptizing a Child?

The Orthodox Church views baptism as a unique, unrepeatable sacrament. It’s considered a spiritual birth where original sins are forgiven, similar to physical birth which occurs only once. Thus, the Church does not support or recognize the practice of rebaptizing, as it believes the grace bestowed in the first baptism is permanent and enduring.

What Are the Common Reasons Parents Want to Rebaptize Their Children?

Parents may consider rebaptizing their children for various reasons, such as assigning a new name believed to protect against evil, changing godparents due to altered relationships, or seeking a more conscious and meaningful baptism when the child is older.

Where Do Superstitious Beliefs Fit into the Decision to Rebaptize?

Superstitious beliefs often play a significant role in the desire to rebaptize. Many parents link family troubles or illnesses to malevolent forces and believe that rebaptizing can offer protection. However, such practices are not supported by Orthodox Christian doctrine.

When Is Baptism Considered Valid in the Eyes of the Orthodox Church?

In Orthodox Christianity, baptism is valid only when performed once. It symbolizes a spiritual rebirth, and its effects are considered lasting for a lifetime. Any subsequent rituals resembling rebaptism are not recognized as valid by the Church.

Why Is Rebaptism Not Encouraged in Orthodox and Catholic Churches?

Both Orthodox and Catholic Churches discourage rebaptism based on the belief that the original baptism is a once-in-a-lifetime sacrament that permanently bestows God’s grace. This view is rooted in traditional Christian doctrine, emphasizing the enduring nature of baptism.

Originally published at on November 30, 2023.