7 Best Tools for Linux SysAdmins
Why are we using tools to perform any actions? Have you ever thought this? The tools help us to do our tasks in a smooth way. Likewise in server management, the server administrators can use certain tools which help them in managing the servers. Here in this article, the top 7 tools used for effective Linux server management are discussed.
Puppet Open Source
This tool is used for reporting, orchestration and automation. It is available both as open source and paid commercial and that version is known as Puppet Enterprise. The Linux server management team can perform various functions using the tool. It includes defining the desired state of your system, stimulating the changes before implementing them, reporting the between the two states of before and after Puppet has run and enforced the desired state and deploying the desired state automatically.
In order to build server orchestration or parallel job execution systems, the Puppet MCollective is used. Even though the service is separate to the puppet agent, the tool is installed with it. Based on command-line criteria, for virtual machines, it can scan the user network. For example, it can be used for finding out which machines are down or which one requires a restart on an immediate basis. You can copy the application written in ruby and can use it for your specific requirements. It is also one of the most used tools by Linux server management team.
This tool is used for managing server configuration and rather than working directly through SSH, Webmin allows you to administer your server through a web interface via a browser. Server administrators can use the Webmin to set up user accounts, to create user accounts, to share files and to disk quotas and Apache config files.
Darik’s Book and Nuke
Using this tool, server administrators can erase data from all disks on a server. During the decommissioning process, this boot disk detects any disk and can erase it. The Linux server management professional need to be careful while dealing with such tools. The tool perfectly works with Windows and Linux and becomes useful, if you what to ensure that the data is fully erased and can’t be recovered.
It is also known as a network sniffer and is a network protocol analyzer. It is quite similar to tools such as tcpdump. However, Wireshark has a graphical interface and the ability to more easily filter traffic by, source, type and destination addresses and ports. The benefit of using Wireshark is that it works on almost every operating system. For Linux server management, libpcap is used and WinPcap is used for Windows. For troubleshooting network and application issues or to monitor the traffic status, the Wireshark tool can be used.
Ubuntu Rescue Remix
Ubuntu Rescue Remix tool is used for forensics and data recovery. It supports any operating system such as Windows or Linux. Once booted for data recovery, the tool will be provided with Linux shell and various tools. Ubuntu Rescue Remix includes data recovery tools such as The Sleutch Kit, Gnu-fdisk, ClamAV, and PhotoRec. These are useful for scanning viruses and malware.
TightVNC provides remote access to a graphical user interface (GUI) allowing you to control a Linux system without actually being at the machine. Typically, Linux servers are administered over command line with SSH, however, some users will prefer to manage the server with the GUI, especially if it is a desktop machine. VNC works in a similar way to Microsoft’s remote desktop application; you just need to install and run the VNC server on the machine you want to connect to. Once configured, you will be able to connect remotely.
In whatever we are doing, it requires some tools. It is also part of doing something systematically. Here these 7 popular tools help the server administrators to complete the server management processes in an effective manner.