Acid Reflux: Understanding the Problem

Acid reflux is a common condition caused by excess acid production by gastric glands of the stomach. This condition occurs when stomach acids and other contents back up into lower esophageal sphincter (LES). LES is a muscular ring located at the entrance of your stomach in the digestive tract. LES allows food to enter the stomach when a person swallows and then closes to prevent stomach contents from rising into the esophagus. Acidity occurs when LES is weak or damaged for which it may not be able to close properly.


Our stomach produces gastric acids that are helpful in digesting food. The corrosive effects of these acids are neutralized by the production of prostaglandins and natural bicarbonate secreted in the mucous lining. Acidity occurs when the production of these chemicals is disturbed. Some of the most common causes of acidity are mentioned below:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Not drinking adequate water
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Skipping breakfast and not eating for a long time
  • Eating junk and spicy foods
  • Eating too fast and eating on a bad mood
  • Smoking or consumption of alcohol
  • Stress
  • Bad eating habits
  • Eating large meals or lying down right after a meal
  • Not chewing food properly

Common Symptoms:

Some of the common symptoms, which a person may experience, are:

  • Heartburn: It is the most common symptom of acid reflux. Heartburn is a burning pain or discomfort that occurs in your abdomen or chest. It can range from uncomfortable to painful; however, the severity of this does not indicate lasting or permanent injury to the esophagus.
  • Regurgitation: In this symptom of acid reflux, a sour or bitter-tasting acid back up into throat or mouth. This is the feeling of food moving up throat, rather than going down. In some cases, people may even vomit.
  • Vomiting: In this case, the body is unable to hold the food back, which leads to vomiting. It is common in acidity and implies acidic imbalance in the stomach.

How to get relief from acidity?

Acidity can be treated with the help of various antacids that are composed of either magnesium or calcium or aluminum compounds. These antacids are highly helpful in neutralizing excess acid in the stomach, which eventually provide relief from acidity.

Below mentioned are some of the natural cures for acidity:

  • Eating vegetables that are rich in vitamins, especially Vitamin B and E, are helpful
  • Exercise and doing physical activity
  • Avoiding drinking beverages after meals prevents acidity
  • Almonds can help to cure the heartburn
  • Cucumber and watermelon fight against acidity
  • Drink lemon juice with water
  • Drink fresh mint juice every day
  • Basil leaves give relief from nausea and acidity
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