Unlocking Personalities: Exploring the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)

Iris Sim
6 min readSep 28, 2020


According to many reliable resources such as 16personalities.com, every person reacts and handles their situation differently, depending on their personality. Many people may think that they are only classified in by a category whether they are an“introvert” or an “extrovert”, but there is so much more than that. Interesting right?

This chart (Myers-Briggs model) shows the 16 different personalities that are on this planet. I imagine each character represents the “ideal” visualization of the personality of a human.

Myers-Briggs model

This chart (MBTI) is one of the most well-known tools used by psychologists around the world. This chart developed by Isabel Myers and her mother Katherine Briggs based on the work Carl Jung’s theory is an efficient and efficient way. By using this, you can know your traits, compatibility, parent/child characteristics, and other interesting traits we can know about.

Defined Roles

One might inquire, “How are these roles defined?” This question poses an intriguing point of discussion. The roles ascribed to each personality within the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) can be delineated based on a variety of factors, including their distinctive traits, observable behaviors, and prevailing attitudes. These aspects play a significant role in shaping the individual’s unique character. To simplify the classification process, the 16 personalities identified by the MBTI are often organized into four distinct groups: Analysts (Examiners), Diplomats, Sentinels, and Explorers.

The Analysts, often referred to as Examiners, are characterized by their sharp intellect, analytical thinking, and logical approach to problem-solving. They possess a thirst for knowledge and excel in fields that require careful analysis and critical thinking. This group includes personalities such as the INTJ (Architect), INTP (Logician), ENTJ (Commander), and ENTP (Debater).

The Diplomats, on the other hand, are known for their empathetic nature, strong intuition, and focus on harmonious relationships. They possess a remarkable ability to understand others’ emotions and excel in fields that require diplomacy, counseling, and creative problem-solving. Some examples of personalities within this group are the INFJ (Advocate), INFP (Mediator), ENFJ (Protagonist), and ENFP (Campaigner).

The Sentinels, comprising individuals with a practical and structured approach to life, prioritize stability, order, and responsibility. They excel in fields that require organization, attention to detail, and adherence to established norms. This group encompasses personalities such as the ISTJ (Inspector), ISFJ (Protector), ESTJ (Executive), and ESFJ (Consul).

Last but not least, the Explorers exhibit a zest for life, adaptability, and a strong preference for spontaneity and novelty. They thrive in dynamic environments, readily embrace change, and excel in fields that require resourcefulness, hands-on skills, and versatility. The group of Explorers includes personalities like the ISTP (Craftsman), ISFP (Composer), ESTP (Dynamo), and ESFP (Performer).

By categorizing the 16 personalities into these four distinct groups, the MBTI framework provides a practical and efficient approach to understanding human personality. This classification simplifies the complexity associated with using each individual personality type, while still capturing the essential traits and behavioral tendencies that define each group. Ultimately, the MBTI offers a comprehensive and insightful model for comprehending and appreciating the diverse spectrum of human personalities.

Personality Aspects

There are five known personality aspects, the traits are Mind, Energy, Nature, Tactics, and Identity. These aspects are the traits that make someone their unique personality and influence the way they speak, act, think, etc.

Mind: This is the way we associate with the environment or surroundings. (E or I)

Introverted characters in our society enjoy being in peaceful areas, they can be insecure and most likely not attempt to be open to new ideas or adventure.

Extraverts are the total opposite, they have incredibly “bubbly” personalities and are always interacting with groups of people. Our extroverts in society are excited, curious, and filled with brilliant ideas.

Energy: Responses to processing information and insights learning style and problem-solving approaches

Intuitive personas have excellent empathetic abilities, they are very observant of how others feel and will always try to harmonize with the other person. Since our Intuitives are creative and filled with ideas, they prefer to think about the stability and possibilities of the future.

Observants use features like eye contact, facial expression, etc, to figure out someone’s mood, these people also tend to be aware of their surroundings and are focused on the past.

Nature: The strategies we use to determine decisions and cope with emotion and cope with emotions

Thinking characters try to prioritize logic over emotions. These people could be labeled as “cold-hearted people, (but of course they have their warmth deep down).” Our reasoners attempt to hide their emotions from others and focus on “getting the work done.”

Feeling individuals are the opposite of reasoners, crazy right? They are more empathetic and harmonic than thinkers, although they could be extremely emotional, they are the contributors to making our world cooperative and symphonious.

Tactics: Our reflection on approaching success and the decisions and plans we make

Judging is our organized and quick planning people. They are emotionally stabilized, open to others, and spontaneous.

Prospecting personalities are our “actors” they improvise well and always catch the opportunities that are given. They are very flexible, untroubled, and comfortable to speak to.

Identity: Personalities on how we show confidence and our abilities and decisive skills:

(-A) Assertive are the people who are resistant to stress, they are the “cool” kids and go with the flow. They don’t frequently push themselves and decline to worry about things that happen.

(-T) Turbulent Individuals are sensitive to their work and stress. I suppose you can say they are the “emotional eaters”, but no one can predict what these types will do during their “ride of emotions.” Although they are very self-conscious, they strive for perfection and success.

Criticism and Validity

The validity of MBTI has been a question in the field of psychology for years. Though it could be accurate to a degree, many describe it as oversimplified and suggests that it is impossible or difficult to categorize personalities in the classification of discrete types due to the complexity and difference of each individual. It fails to capture the intricacies and nuances of individual personalities. Human behavior and personality are influenced by various factors beyond MBTI’s four dichotomies, such as upbringing, cultural influences, and personal experiences. Regardless of oversimplification or limited specificity of the personalities, knowing one’s MBTI could be beneficial for potential personal growth and can be applied to different situations one could encounter.

Applications for Growth

It is important to note that MBTI can be a useful guide for self-reflection and self-exploration. Though it can not be personalized to each and every person it can be helpful as a starting point to a great extent. Knowing one’s personality and its trait can have the potential to maximize personal goals, relationships, and development; however, understanding and accepting both flaws and strengths are essential.

Awareness of Flaws and Strengths.

It's crucial to recognize and accept the flaws and imperfections in our personalities. By doing so, we can embark on a journey of personal growth and self-improvement as it helps us to actively work towards overcoming them and become better versions of ourselves. Acknowledging our imperfections leads to self-reflection and self-awareness, allowing us to recognize patterns of behavior or thought that might be holding us back or causing harm to ourselves and others due to natural inclinations and tendencies. To build better relationships with others, we can communicate our areas of vulnerability which can limit miscommunication and maximize effective conversations.

It is equally important to recognize our strengths. Identifying our strengths helps us understand what we excel at and what makes us unique. This knowledge can be leveraged in various areas of our lives such as our career, relationships, and personal pursuits. Knowing our strengths allows us to make informed decisions about how to best use our talents and pursue opportunities that align with our natural abilities. It also boosts our self-confidence and self-esteem, as we take pride in our unique strengths and accomplishments. Moreover, understanding our strengths enables us to contribute meaningfully to teams and collaborations by bringing our specific skills and perspectives to the table. By embracing and developing our strengths, we empower ourselves to reach our full potential, find fulfillment in our endeavors, and make a positive impact on the world around us.



Iris Sim

I am currently a high school student who aims to bring awareness on various topics to the public through simplification of such topics and creating research.