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When it comes to paper writing, there is a simple recipe. Academic publications typically follow this established structure:

  1. Title + Abstract
  2. Introduction
  3. Related work
  4. Method
  5. Results
  6. Discussion
  7. Conclusions
  8. References

This structure is archaic and outdated. In the following, I look at the value-added of sections 1–7.

Title + Abstract + Introduction

These are the most important parts of the paper.
The abstract briefly summarizes the paper and highlights its importance.
The introduction explains the motivation for the work, explains what was done, and summarizes the findings.
A modern paper will still need this section.

Related work

Researchers are facing a…


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Wikipedia describes “Open Science” as a “movement to make scientific research […] and its dissemination accessible to all levels of an inquiring society, amateur or professional.”

Researchers who follow the “Open Science” movement routinely do one (or all) of the following:

  1. Upload scientific papers (“pre-prints”, manuscripts, or “author versions”) to institutional repositories (in my case, Jultika) or on pre-print repositories, such as ArXiv or Researchgate.
  2. Publish datasets, for example at osf.io.
  3. Publish software in code repositories, such as GitHub.
  4. Provide open peer reviews, and brag about them on websites such as publons.com.
  5. Write blog posts and “disseminate” scientific findings on…


University campuses are (or at least were, until the COVID-19 pandemic) focal points of social activity.
How could we tap into this activity and turn it into something meaningful?

In a study conducted on the campus of the University of Oulu, Finland, we assessed the willingness of participants to complete short paid crowdsourcing tasks on their mobile phones. In this proof-of-concept user study, we aimed to uncover where, when and what type of tasks university students are willing to complete.

Summary of findings: We found that different contexts do affect the type of work users are willing to complete. Based…


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How can we ensure that knowledge is efficiently shared and transferred between the members of an organization?

Research-intensive organizations may struggle to get an actionable
overview of their research activities. The skills set that a member of an organization possesses is not apparent. Essentially, the skills of an employee are only assessed in the initial job interview, and they are only periodically re-evaluated in annually meetings with the line manager. But how do other members of an organization get to know the skill set of another employee?

In research organizations, one way of getting to know a person is by…

Jonas Oppenlaender

Disciple of Computer Science. University of Oulu, jonaso.com

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