Week 7

Born to Run ( Self-Perception as leader of men)

  • “Self-perception” refers to the way in which people come to understand their own attitudes and beliefs based on their behavior in given situations. It is effectively a model of oneself from the perspective of an outside observer.

Caesar The General — Julius Caeser has the priamry role of being commander in battle and as a leader in Roman politics. Julius wrote his two Commentarii which was his detiled accounts he wrote as senate.

  1. About his conquest of barbarians in Gaul ( Bellum Gallicm)
  2. About the defeat of his friends-truned enemy Pompey (Bellum Civile)

Gaul as a whole was divied into 3 parts: The Belge, The Aquitani, The Celtae

  • What makes a good leader or war ?

what is a military leader like — the leaders of the Achaean army Achellies armed himself for battle, alothugh he was in physcial pain her continues with the war as a true leader should. Leaders do not give up uilti yhe deed is done and they have giving the fight everything they have left in them.

Archilochus stated that they should be short and bowlegged and standing firm on this feet, full of heart. This phsyical aspect i not to much of and iusse for me but a leader should just be willing to die for his people.

Psycology today states the characteristic to be a good leader intail : “Authentic transformative leadership has four characteristics:

The first is idealised influence. This is when leaders are guided by their moralcommitment to do the right thing in terms of their employees, themselves and other stakeholders.

The second is inspirational motivation. This is when leaders inspire their followers to be their best, to achieve greater heights than they thought were possible and foster their self-efficacy.

The third is intellectual stimulation. This is when the leader is able to step back and not provide all the answers but challenge others to work out solutions for themselves and help them see things differently.

The fourth is individualised consideration. This is when leaders empathise, listen and genuinely care for others.”

  • and some Greeks — far from all — argued that their birth made them superior to non-Greeks.) Moreover, Greeks and Romans saw their entire civilized world as a kind of neighborhood — called in Greek oikumene, from oikos (household), a word cognate with ‘economics’ and ‘vicinity’ and various Slavic words for ‘guest’.

Kairos — an opertune momnent

‘’ noting going for an opertuinty and you missing it which could have been a blessing”. — you get more hits is to take more bats.

Changing peoples minds and influencing people, is that really leadership.

Knowng a leaders motive is always important. There a certin thing that a leader does as a slefish act or a selfless act.

As seen in this section of the conflict between Caesar and Pompey was filled with fo much drama. It was becasue Pompey married Caesar’s daughter, and apparently loved her deeply. Unforutunaly she died young, and Pompey’s relationship with Caesar was never the same, repercussions for later geopolitics .Caesar’s name became synonymous with ‘invincible leader’, and both the Russian Czar and German Kaiser derive from it, and political machinations (Caesar was assassinated, famously by a party that included many close friends, as he was planning to invade the other remaining regional empire — the Parthians, the Persian empire of the day) that the figure of Caesar has remained one of the most frequently portrayed in all European and American artistic media for the past two millennia. The most complete narrative of this final battle at Pharsalus, and indeed of the entire conflict, comes in Caesar’s own words (supplemented later by Caesar’s friends).

Motivation is a goal-oriented characteristic that helps a person achieve his objectives. It pushes an individual to work hard at achieving his or her goals. An executive must have the right leadership traits to influence motivation. However, there is no specific blueprint for motivation.

As a leader, one should keep an open perspective on human nature. Knowing different needs of subordinates will certainly make the decision-making process easier.

  • Prosopopoeia — face making , putting up a frount (If you give a speach and you dont come with street cred and to give your speach through someone else who is more perspective. Its borrowing someones weight and authority to put some weight to your speech)

pratitio — passing over something

ooda — observe orentent its an algorithm for piolets, how to make desions and how you carrie out the decion and how it connect to ceasers troops in the succes in the batter on how they want to carry out war.

Power and leadership go hand in hand — A true leader is able to influence others and modify behavior via legitimate and referent power. In the figure, sources of power are divided into personal and organizational. Legitimate, reward, and coercive powers are organizational and are part of the leader’s job.

wheeling power and expressing power are 2 diffrent set of things that a leader can do:

Wheeling power is as if you are tring to pull something out of someone and expressing is more to regulate power.

Clausewitz — was a Prussian general and military theorist who stressed the “moral” meaning, in modern terms, psychological and political aspects of war. Clausewitz’s central theme was that war and the art of decision-making defied rote categorization and solutions.


“But when our men on the giving of the signal, had run forward with javelins levelled and had observed that the Pompeians were not advancing against them, profiting by the experience they had gained in former battles, they spontaneously checked their speed and halted in about the middle of the space, so that they might not approach the foe with their vigour exhausted; and after a brief interval, again renewing their rapid advance, they discharged their javelins and quickly drew their swords, according to Caesar’s directions.”

Jomini — took an opposite approach and categorized warfare not as art but science with an adherence to basic principles such as lines of operation and an emphasis on practical knowledge although he attempted to refute this statement in the conclusion of his essay. Jomini’s writing also had the virtue of being eminently more readable and accessible than Clausewitz’s writing.


‘For they parried the shower of missiles and withstood the attack of the legions without breaking their ranks, and after discharging their javelins had recourse to their swords. At the same time the horse on Pompeius’ left wing, according to orders, charged in a body, and the whole multitude of archers poured forth. Our cavalry, failing to withstand their attack, gradually quitted their position and retired. Pompeius’ cavalry pressed forward all the more eagerly, and deploying by squadrons began to surround our lines on their exposed flank. Caesar, observing it, gave the signal to his fourth line, which he had composed of six cohorts. These advanced rapidly and with colours flying attacked Pompeius’ horse with such fury that not one of them stood his ground, and all, wheeling round, not only quitted the position but forthwith in hurried flight made for the highest hills.

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