Weekly Journal Nine

Class Notes

  • story set in 1891
  • bad mentorship
  • Otalora is emotionally shallow
  • Enkrateia= self mastery
  • Reactive Agression=reaction
  • Instrumental Agression= bully, do whatever it takes
  • Pthanos- invading your air space
  • Mate Poaching=anthropological context
  • Philokindunia=

Assignment One

Checklist for Benjamin Otalara

  1. Is this person interested in risk taking without any other moral guidance? Philokindunia=
  2. Does this person qualify as an outsider?
  3. Is this person memorable to the communities they grew up in? Did they make any impact?
  4. Is the person empathetic or capable of remorse?
  5. is he mature enough to lead?
  6. Does he equate luck with virtue?
  7. Does this person have any roots in their community?
  8. Is he self aware?
  9. Does this person have any sense of justice or fairness?
  10. Is this person capable of feeling and showing gratitude?
  11. Is he emotionally inconsistent
  12. Does this person misunderstand human relationships
  13. Are they open to mentoring?
  14. Does this person have philomateia or enkratia?
  15. Is the person fixated on status or station?
  16. Does the person use instrumental aggression?
  17. Is the person grandiose?
  18. Is this person preoccupied with status symbols at the expense of everything else?
  19. Does he understand humor?

What has your interaction with such a person been?

I have definitely encountered a few people that are like Benjamin Otalara. At first, the interaction was very positive but when I started to recognize through the facade they were putting up I did not want to be around them.

Have you found them off-putting or seductive?

Initially, I found it very seductive how confident and accomplished they were. However, at the end it was very offputting.

Were they able to manipulate you in some way?

Yes, they were definitely able to manipulate me because I trusted them and did not recognize their character traits at first. When they would do something wrong, they would try to reverse the situation and say I was the cause of it.

Now that you have a clearer impression of this character type, how will you deal with such people in the future?

In the future, I hope to recognize these type of people. When I experience anyone that is similar to them, I am automatically on my toes. I can really see right through their manipulation tactics and I usually keep my distance from them because I have a big heart.

Could a good leader employ this kind of person to a good end?

I think that a person like this could be used for war purposes but at some point they may just try to overthrow the other person. The leader would always have to be ready for this turn of events.

Can any of these Otálara’s traits be strengths?

In certain situations, I suppose any trait could be a strength. I guess the inflated sense of confidence could be helpful at times because they probably would never doubt themselves.

If so, in what situations could you imagine them being of use?

I could see them being used in a job or school interview. They would come off very confident and sure of themselves which would trick the interviewer into thinking they really knew their stuff.

Does Bandeira enrich himself and others by using Otálora the way he does?

Bandeira definitely uses Otalora when he is working for him. He knows that he is really cocky so he uses him in his business to make him money.

How do we try and eliminate these persons from leadership positions in corporate or social entities? From political office?

In politics, we have processes for impeachment once a President is in office because I think it is easy to get enthralled by them in running with their grandiose gestures and inflated sense of self.

From any position in which they could weaken the community/society?

In some ways, this could be detrimental in places of power because they could essentially bite off more than they are able to chew. This would be a problem because they may not even think to ask for help until it is too late.

If you notice them in yourself, how can you eliminate these traits?

I think it would be good to get other people’s opinion and remember that the world does not revolve around you. You should be confident but not to the point where it off put others. I would just say to be more aware of your actions and their implications to other people.

Assignment Two:

How well does Otálora meet the diagnostic criteria for the narcissistic personality disorder, as described by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (2013)? Explain your answer by making references to Borges’ text.

I personally feels like he meets the criteria.

“A pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), need for admiration, and lack of empathy, beginning in early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by five (or more) of the following:

  • Has a grandiose sense of self-importance (e.g., exaggerates achievements and talents, expects to be recognized as superior without commensurate achievements). Otalora thinks that he deserves to be running the whole organization and feels that he is too good to perform certain jobs. This is also his downfall because he does not kill Bandeira because he feels like he is untouchable.
  • Is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love. Otalora also fantasizes to acquire Bandeira’s job, woman, and thinks he is now old and feeble.
  • Believes that he or she is ‘special’ and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people (or institutions). He exhibits this quality when he feels like he deserves the red-headed woman. He feels that way because she sleeps with Bandeira so Otalara feels like he deserves to be with her as well.
  • Has a sense of entitlement (i.e., unreasonable expectations of especially favorable treatment or automatic compliance with his or her expectations). Otalora feels like he deserves everything that Bandeira has over everyone that works for them.
  • Lacks empathy: is unwilling to recognize or identify with the feelings and needs of others. Otalora also has trouble picking up on normal social cues that most people would recognize. He is unable to see what is going on because he doe not understand the emotions of hisself or others. He also falsely trusts Ulpiano Suárez because he does not understand his relationship to Bandeira.

ow well does Otálora meet the diagnostic criteria for the antisocial personality disorder, as described by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (2013)? Explain your answer by making references to Borges’ text.

Yes, I think he fits the diagnostic criteria for this as well.

“A pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others, occurring since age 15, as indicated by three (or more) of the following:

  • Deceitfulness, as indicated by repeated lying, use of aliases, or conning others for personal profit or pleasure. Otalara does this when he is supposed to be the mentee of Bandeira and then he starts to plot against him to overthrow his leadership.
  • Impulsivity or failure to plan ahead. If you think about it, Otalara never makes an actual plan for overthrowing he just goes about it as the opportunities presents itself.
  • Irritability and aggressiveness, as indicated by repeated physical fights or assaults. It says in one of the passages that Otalara was always intrigued by danger just like the normal person would be intrigued by cards. This shows that he liked to fight.

Make a list of all the leaders we have discussed so far in this class. What is your best guess for why they seek their own leadership role, i.e., what was their motivation and what is the evidence for your conclusion (cite specific passages)? (Note: you may suggest more than one motive for each leader.) What do you feel are your own motives to lead and how have you discovered these motives over time?

Cyrus- I think he wanted his own leadership role because he felt like he was the best person for the job. This was evident because everyone reveled at how intelligent and cunning he was since he was a child. He was basically groomed for leadership.

Neoptolemus- I think he seeked his own leadership role because of his moral compass. This was evident because he had sort of an epiphany when Odysseus was trying to get him to trick the man. Before the epiphany, I think his motivation for leadership was his mentorship from Oddyseus.

Telemachus- I think he seeked his own leadership role because his mentor Athena pushed him to. This was evident because he did not have any passion to do this before Athena came and gave him the courage and knowledge to put Penelope’s suitors in their place.

Ida B. Wells- I think she wanted a leadership role to try to aid in putting an end to all the atrocities happening in the south. This was evident because of the situations and problems she described in disgust of Southern Horrrors.

Lysiststrata- I think that she wanted a leadership role because she was sick and tired of the war. This was evident because she literally made all the women withold sex from their husbands till she achieved the goal of ending the war. She went for extreme measures because she was in desperate need of a change.

Women on Virtues of Women- I think most of them seeked their own leadership role because they felt like they had no choice. This is evident in many of the stories because some risked their life and reputation to fulfill these acts.

Leadership Workout Partner

This week I think I really have been utilizing the leadership strategy of resilience. I did not do well on my MCAT and I have still been positive and productive in my studies despite my minor setback. In the future, I want to work on actively being more inspiring or empowering to other people. I often times feel like I am not in a good position to do so because I am not where I want to be, yet. My leadership workout partner still seems to be working on their time management skills and hopefully some of my suggestions will work for them.