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May 2015 Nepal earthquake

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about the Nepalese earthquake that happened on 12 May 2015. For the first major earthquake on 25 April 2015, see April 2015 Nepal earthquake.

This article documents a recent major earthquake. Information regarding it may change rapidly as more information becomes available. Although this article is updated frequently, it may not reflect the most current information about this earthquake for all areas. Initial news reports may be unreliable.May 2015 Nepal earthquake

Casualties143 dead
2,943 injured

A major earthquake occurred in Nepal on 12 May 2015 at 12:35 pm with a moment magnitude of 7.3, 18 km (11 mi) southeast of Kodari. The epicenter was in the border of Dolakha and Sindhupalchowk, the two districts of Nepal. This earthquake occurred on the same fault as the larger magnitude 7.8 earthquake of 25 April, but further east than the original quake.[1] As such, it is considered to be an aftershock of the 25 April quake.[1]It struck at a depth of 18.5 kilometres (11.5 mi). Shaking was felt in northern parts of India including Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and otherIndian States.[4] Tremors were felt as far as about 2400 kilometers away from the epicenter in Chennai.[5][6]

Minutes later, another 6.3 magnitude earthquake hit Nepal with epicenter Ramechhap east of Kathmandu. The earthquake was felt in Bangladesh,China and many other states in India.[7] The impact of these tremors was felt even 1,000 kilometres away in the Indian capital New Delhi, where buildings shook and office workers evacuated.[8]

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Damage and casualties[edit]

USGS ShakeMap

The earthquake caused office evacuations in Kolkata.

The aftershock caused mass panic as many people were living in the open air after the 25 April quake.[12] “For the first seconds, it was complete silence. By the fifth second, everybody started to scream,” said an eyewitness. “It was really, really intense. Even when the shaking stopped, people were still screaming.”[11] The tremor caused fresh landslides, and destroyed some buildings which survived the first quake.[11]

In Nepal, at least 96 people were killed by the earthquake and more than 2,500 people were injured, primarily in mountain regions of the northeast.[9][12] Thirty-two of the nation’s seventy-five districts were affected by the quake. In Kathmandu, the streets were quickly filled as people fled buildings. Within hours of the quake, tents began to fill open areas of the city as residents were afraid to go back inside. Areas around Mount Everest also saw fresh damage.[11]

In India, Delhi Metro service was briefly interrupted as people fled their homes and places of employment.[12] At least 44 people were killed by the quake in India. 42 of the deaths occurred in Bihar state and two in Uttar Pradesh. One woman in the Tibetregion of China was killed when falling rocks hit her car.[11]

A US military helicopter, UH-1 Huey, carrying six US Marines and two Nepalese soldiers, went missing when on a disaster relief operation in central Nepal.[13]Major Rajan Dahal, second-in-command of the Barda Bahadur Batallion said, “the info we have is that it is down in one of the rivers, but none of the choppers has seen it yet”.[14]

Rescue and relief[edit]

People in Nepal residing in tents

The Nepal Army continued its Operation Sankat Mochan to aid the affected population along with the Indian Army and delivered several tonnes of relief materials, and rescued stranded people.[15]

According to geophysicist Amy Vaughan, the 12 May quake is likely a sign that more aftershocks are on the way. “Generally, in the days and weeks and months [seismic activity] tapers off,” she said. “But … this is going to temporarily increase [the aftershocks].”[11]

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