The three parts of every mind

According to the father of psychology Sigmund Freud, there are three parts of the human psyche: the ego, the id and the superego. These are originally Latin terms meaning ‘I’, ‘it’ and ‘upper-I’.

The iceberg is a common illustration of this triple structure of the mind. The part of the…

The birth of Modernity’s Meaning Crisis and two responses to it

In the 19th and 20th centuries, modernity came into its fullness and with this maturation, the vestiges of the religious worldview began to fall away revealing a crisis of meaning that we’ve come to call Nihilism.

This emergence of Nihilism prompted philosophers to ask in earnest once again the long-since…

How Bertrand Russell Saved Ludwig Wittgenstein

Ludwig Wittgenstein was one of the most brilliant geniuses of the 20th century and has been claimed by many as the greatest philosopher of his century. To those who knew him he was a lightning storm of impulsive intensity.

He was far from the Apollonian mould of controlled rigorous philosophy…

“the only great spirit of our times” — Albert Camus

The Philosopher is a category that encapsulates a number of different types. There’s the theoretical masterminds like Aristotle, Kant and Hegel and there’s the unsystematic lightning rods like Nietzsche, Plato and Wittgenstein. But as well as these two mainstays there’s another type that we’ve explored in other articles on The…

James Cussen

Philosophy you can live your life by. Editor of The Living Philosophy

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