The drought in California had started getting attention around 2013. Initially signs of the lack of water statically appeared in 2011. The native Californians are being hit the most with by the devastating drought. Not only is it affecting the native Californians, California being one of the biggest agricultural states exporting goods will cause a fluctuation in the market price for fruits and vegetables. With that being said, more people will diverge off the course of eating healthier because of inflation.
According to www.mercurynews.com, cities all around California are at a deficit of water. The statistics are compared from a historic average and a five year period they had measured. As to answer the question of when will we ever find out that the drought is over; government officials say that the drought should end around this year. But for it to happen, it would need to shower extremely hard endlessly to even make up for the lack of water we had not received over the last few years.
Currently we are experiencing a natural phenomenon that happens every two to seven years called El Nino. With El Nino, water climate officials state that the drought will end around next winter. But with the results we have been receiving, it is hard to see any positive outcome in the end. The last El Nino that appeared in 1997, came with one of the wettest winters. According to William Patzert of NASA’s science division, we should be able to get a huge storm if the weather pattern continues to trend. El Nino has a sisterly counterpart that follows right after it. La Nina is the dry phenomenon that takes place with cooler waters after the warm waters cool down.
California was announced to be in a state of emergency on January 17th, 2014 by Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr. When this announcement was sent out to the public, news and social media spread like a wildfire. Speaking of wild fires, California’s wildfire situation is only getting worse by the passing day. Compared to several decades ago where we saw a significant amount of rainfall, we are no where even close. We are at fifteen inches or rain to that of two decades ago where we peaked at thirty two inches of rain. According to the New York Times article, a study from University of California, Merced, shows that the fires now are eighty days longer compared to 1970’s wildfires.
Conservation acts have been placed to ease the drought situation. Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr.’s 25 percent plan that was enacted in June was a success by .5 percent. Nonetheless it is quite an achievement for a whole state to conserve a considerable amount of water. California Water Resources Control Board has been coming up with plans for 2016 in order to maintain the maximum amount of water we can save up. Such as modifications to private water wells, bring up water more efficiently while being able to spread the water evenly. There are other agencies that are also involved with this situation such as: the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Marine Fisheries Service, California Department of Fish and Wildlife.