IA#4 Museum Visit

NATIONAL MUSEUM

Paintings & Sculpture

The Presentation of Santo Nino in Cebu By Carlos V Francisco

The Presentation of Santo Nino in Cebu by Carlos V. Francisco

Childhood history class was the first thing I remembered when I first saw the picture and the name of the painting. This painting depicts the presentation of the Sto. Niño to the native queen of Cebu as a gift of friendship to the newly-baptized Catholics of the Islands. This was the period where our history of Philippines’ Catholicism all started. The presentation of Santo Nino only strengthened the flaming desire of Filipinos to worship and have faith on different saints.

Prehistoric Man By: Isabelo Tampinco Y Lacandola (1850–1933) Circa 1880–1890 Plaster of Paris

Prehistoric Man By: Isabelo Tampinco Y Lacandola

This sculpture depicts the pre-historic man or the human evolution of mankind. The sculpture was really impressive. The face is almost recognizable as human face but still has the features of an ape or monkey. I was thinking how great Mr. Isabelo is when he was doing this sculpture. I think this sculpture was made not just to let people see what humans looked like before, but also wants people to realize how wonderful our evolution was, that it was really incredible and unbelievable.

Rape and Massacre in Ermita By: Diosdado M. Lorenzo

Rape and Massacre in Ermita By: Diosdado M. Lorenzo

Having a little research about this painting, Diosdado painted this in the year 1947 and was inspired by the tragic event that took place on February 1945 in Manila, wherein 100,000 people consisting of men, women, and children were killed, slaughtered, and raped in the span of 28 days. The picture already shows it all, which I think it was a family’s home and these japanese soldiers killed the father, while the mother fights back while the soldier obviously wanted to rape her, and the girl behind was already naked which I think was already raped. This scenario or painting has been a general representation about the tragedy a lot of Filipino encountered under the control of Japanese. It was a reminder that we were once at war with Japan and they had became our enemy who brought so much pain and horrible experience to the Filipinos before.

Recuerdo De Patay (Memento Mori) of a Child By: Simon Flores Y Dela Rosa

Recuerdo De Patay (Memento Mori) of a Child By: Simon Flores Y Dela Rosa

When I looked at this picture while walking, a baby having a good night sleep was the first thing i thought about. But when I looked into the name of the paint, it was entitled Recuerdo De Patay. By the title of the paint itself which “patay” was used for tagalog term as “dead”, I already knew the baby was dead in the picture. I don’t know what was the reason behind this paint, but I guess the painter lost his son that’s why he painted a beautiful baby on a bed instead of a coffin. I thought, who would want to see his child or his baby on a coffin. So I guess, the painter lost his baby and he made a representation of his baby with a beautiful and peaceful surroundings like the bed and flowers beside it. Or I guess this was just really an old style of coffin.

Death March By: Dominador Casteneda

Death March by Dominador Casteneda

The picture was inspired by a true event that happened during the colonization of Japan in the Philippines which was the Bataan Death March. People who were held captured were the Americans and Filipinos who surrendered and later on forced to march from Mariveles to San Fernando. It is believed that thousand of people died during the march because of starvation, brutality of the captors and people who were too weak to walk were stabbed. I think the painting is showing how the Filipinos accepted their lost and surrendered. All they can do is go on and continue the tragic consequence of their lost battle. Despite of the continuous death around them, they continued their march to survive.

Interior d’un cafe (Parisian Life) By Juan Luna

It was created by Juan Luna who also lived in Paris. The woman in the picture seated on a very uncomfortable position, and also her face seemed like she was not happy or something was troubling her. When I searched the meaning of the painting online, it has given me answers that this paint was has connection to what was happening in the Philippines back then. It has also been said that the three men behind her were Ariston Baptista, Jose Rizal, and Juan Luna himself that were discussing about the state of the Philippines being under stress. But when I first saw this, all i thought about was a woman who is patiently waiting for someone, but at the same time, she already feels hopeless. When I saw the name of the painting, my mind changed, that i thought maybe it was inspired by the beautiful ladies Juan Luna has seen in Paris.

Tindahan by Fernando Cueto Amorsolo

Tindahan by Fernando Cueto Amorsolo

Having painted it in the year 1964, Amorsolo painted how stores looked like in the old days and how filipinos sells their products beside the streets. This painting is showing a usual day in a Filipino’s life like a mother buying foods with her child, two men talking and a chicken with him, and women selling their products. This kind of situation was very common in a Filipino’s usual day. I think the painter wants to show the simplicity of life during his time.

Las Lavanderas by Fernando Cueto Amorsolo

Las Lavanderas by Fernando Cueto Amorsolo

This picture showing a woman taking a bath in stream and the other woman doing her laundry. When I saw the painting, I thought that the woman wearing thin cloth and almost naked was letting the other woman wash her clothes, which I thought that she was her maid. But when I saw who did the painting and discovered it was Amorsolo once again, I thought that it was an another masterpiece he created to depict a simple life of the Filipinos back then. A time where everything was fresh and clean, that Filipinos would just simply go to streams to take a bath.

EVIDENCE
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