5 Very Important Steps to Better Understand the Design Thinking Process

5 Steps in Design Thinking Process

Step 1- EMPATHIZE- In order to successfully complete the Design Thinking Process, you must submerge yourself into the environment in which issues are involved, to have a deeper, personal understanding with the situation. This involves numerous confrontations with others that can relate to the issue. In order to fully understand the problem at hand, you must put yourself in their shoes to observe the situation from their point of view. Empathy forces design thinkers to set aside his or her’s assumptions, and gain full understanding of the user and their needs.


During the Define Stage, you will examine the interpretations and integrate them in order to define the main problems you and your team have acknowledged up to this point. The Define Stage will help you and your team gather great ideas to create features to your solution. You should look to define the problem as a problem statement in a relatable manner.


Step 3- IDEATE- During this step of the Design Thinking process, designers begin generating ideas. With the solid backbone you now have because of steps 1 and 2, it is now time for your team to think above and beyond to create new solutions to the problem statement you’ve created. Techniques such as Brainstorm, Brainwrite, Worst Possible Idea, and SCAMPER, are used to enhance the Ideation step of the process. Brainstorm and Worst Possible Idea are used to help stimulate free-thinking and expand the problem space.


Step 4- PROTOTYPE- In this step, your team will create scaled down and inexpensive versions of the solution to find flaws within the ideas created in the Ideation Phase. This is the trial phase, and the idea is to recognize the best possible solution for each of the problems found in the first 3 steps. The solutions are applied to the prototypes and are examined one by one and are either accepted, improved and re-examined, or rejected completely. By the end of the prototype step, you’ll have a better knowledgable perspective of how the real users think, behave, and feel when interacting with the final product.


Step 5- TEST- Last but not least of the Design Thinking Process, is Test. In this Step, the creators thoroughly test the final product using the best solutions found in the prototype step. The results found in the testing step are usually used to redefine one or more of the problems. In this step, changes and improvements are made to rule out problem solutions and develop as much understanding of the product and its users as possible.

These 5 simple steps can enhance your thinking and understanding of a problem, to help create the best possible product for your users. Follow these 5 steps thoroughly, and you’ll be very surprised by the positive outcomes.

Source- https://www.interaction-design.org/literature/article/5-stages-in-the-design-thinking-process