Long before the emergence of public school system in the mid-Nineteenth century — before even the national government showed interest in equal opportunities for learning — engagement was becoming an increasingly fundamental trend in children’s education. In a highly acclaimed essay written in 1613, English philosopher John Locke expressed that children must be encouraged to engage in reading and writing through the inclusion of pictures, because “[w]e naturally…even from our Cradles, love Liberty and therefore have an aversion to many Things, for no other Reason, but because they are injoyn’d us.” In other words, children are less likely to respond…

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