Topic Background

My topic is on plastic surgery. Plastic surgery is the process of reconstructing or repairing parts of the body, especially by the transfer of tissue, either in the treatment of injury or for cosmetic reasons. But instead of reconstructive surgery I am going to focus on cosmetic surgery. Cosmetic Surgery is an optional procedure that is performed on normal parts of the body with the only purpose of improving a person’s appearance and/or removing signs of aging. Cosmetic surgery is becoming a huge industry in the United States of America. According to the annual plastic surgery procedural statistics, there were 15.9 million surgical and minimally-invasive cosmetic procedures performed in the United States in 2015, a 2 percent increase over 2014. I’m going to compare it to the plastic surgery capital of the world South Korea. Because South Korea has the most plastic surgeries per capita on earth, with over 980,000 recorded operations in 2014. Also South Korea has had the most operations per capita since 2009.

In general cosmetic surgery has become more common. A lot of teenagers can be susceptible to cosmetic surgery due to mass media and bullying. Even people who are older want to use cosmetic surgery to look younger. There are a lot of people that could want to have cosmetic procedures done. But before people should consider the risks of having surgery done. All surgery has risks. The ten most common plastic surgery complications are scarring, blood loss, seroma, general appearance dissatisfaction, organ damage, nerve damage, deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, anesthesia complications, infection, and Hematoma. Breast implants can have many complications, including rupture. In 2011 FDA stated that 1 in 5 patients who received implants for breast augmentation will need them removed within 10 years of implantation.

Some people undergo frequent and repeated cosmetic surgery procedures. Researchers believe that plastic surgery obsession is linked to psychological disorders. It is called Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). BDD is a disabling preoccupation with an imagined, or slight, flaw in appearance. A lot of people believe that BDD is a first world problem and a bad case of vanity. People with this disorder delay seeking for help because of fear of being seen as vein. BDD can be treated through a combination of an anti-depressant medication and cognitive behavioral therapy — but the wait for diagnosis and treatment can be lengthy.

Eventually through this blog topic there are questions which I would like to have answered:

  1. Does cosmetic surgery cause a boost of self-esteem or not in the United States and South Korea?
  2. How many cosmetic procedures can a person have before it is considered having a Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) in the United States and South Korea?
  3. How does outside influences affect a person in the United States and South Korea into wanting to have cosmetic procedures done?
  4. What is the influence of media and bullying on teenagers into wanting cosmetic surgery?
  5. Why do older people want to do cosmetic surgery?
  6. What are the other ways to naturally change appearance instead of cosmetic surgery?