Overcoming Challenges in Less Sunny Cities: Minneapolis, Minnesota

Jerry Spivey
9 min readDec 12, 2023


Minnesota might not be the first place that springs to mind when you picture solar energy revolutionaries basking in the abundance of sun-soaked panels. Indeed, Minneapolis, entrenched in the blustery Midwest, is more closely associated with chilly winters and idyllic lakes than with bountiful sunshine. Yet, it’s here, on these not-so-sunless plains, that ingenious initiatives are taking root, tapping into the latent power of even the most diffident rays.

Thanks to a mosaic of progressive policies, Minnesotans are redefining the solar narrative. The state’s solar mandate, along with Xcel Energy’s Solar*Rewards program, catapults citizens towards a greener future. Cutting-edge technology is a critical ally in this Northern quest for solar gains. Photovoltaic (PV) panels that gulp even the weakest light and software that optimizes every joule are just the beginning. As with any environmental cause, community investment cannot be underestimated. Minneapolis is a hive of cooperative energy endeavors, from community solar gardens stretching their leaves towards the unthinkable to non-profits orchestrating solar symphonies on rooftops city-wide. Solar energy here is not just a possibility; it’s an embodiment of resourcefulness and resilience, sparking change under even the cloudiest of skies.

Overview of Minneapolis

Nestled amidst the hustle of the North Star State, Minneapolis, Minnesota serves as a prime example of a northern metropolis inching towards harnessing the sun’s power despite its frosty demeanor. With long, bone-chilling winters and pleasantly warm but short summers, this city’s weather pattern presents a unique paradox for solar energy exploitation. Averaging just 198 sunny days per year, the city isn’t the first place that springs to mind when thinking of solar potential. Yet, Minneapolis steps up with an unexpected solar angle; snow actually reflects light and can improve photovoltaic performance momentarily when it’s on the ground — not to mention the crisp, cold temperatures that improve panel efficiency.

Historically, Minnesota has been a coal-belching region, though Minneapolis has vigorously pivoted towards renewable energy, with an ambitious transition plan rooted in the vision of the state’s Renewable Energy Standard (RES). This legislation mandates a 25% renewable energy share by 2025 — a goal Minneapolis is zealously working towards with the aid of net metering policies and Xcel Energy’s Solar Rewards Program. Despite being a city more synonymous with ice hockey than sunny beaches, Minneapolis cuts through the icy preconceptions with a combination of policy firepower and a growing acknowledgement of solar’s chill-compatibility.

Solar Challenges in Minneapolis

Navigating the solar terrain in Minneapolis, Minnesota is akin to embarking on an odyssey where the chill of the north meets a bustling urban tableau. The city’s solar voyage is besieged by frigid winters where the sun slinks away, shirking its duty for seemingly interminable stretches. These periods of low solar insolation can be daunting for solar systems, which must be robust enough to wrangle whatever paltry photons grace the Minnesotan winter days. Additionally, Minneapolis is festooned with a vibrant architectural mosaic that, while aesthetically pleasing, often leads to shading concerns that play havoc with solar generation potential.

Urban density, a double-edged sword, presents its own tangle. The labyrinth of structures reaching skywards vie for sun kisses, often leaving solar panels in the shade. Moreover, financially, despite the state’s Solar*Rewards program and the Federal Solar Tax Credit, upfront costs still loom large on the horizon, as squalls that deter many Minneapolis residents from adopting solar energy.

There lies a cultural battlefield as well. In a state where traditional energy sources are deeply rooted in the local economy and psyche, convincing the populace to swivel to solar requires an alchemy of economic persuasion and cultural resonance. Nostalgia for the mighty smokestacks of yore must be supplanted with a vision of sleek solar arrays glinting in the winter sun.

Solar Initiatives and Solutions in Minneapolis

Forging ahead with an ambitious stride, Minneapolis, Minnesota unfurls a shimmering tableau of solar initiatives, brilliantly tailored to the state’s frigid embrace and warm sustainability aspirations. Anchored by Minnesota’s own Solar Energy Standard, which rampages forward with the mandate that 1.5% of the state’s electricity come from solar by 2020, Minneapolis observes this decree with robust enthusiasm. A testament to this fervor is the Minneapolis Solar Energy incentive program, an effervescent amalgam of financial rebates and incentives. It coaxes both residential and commercial entities into the solar tapestry, flourishing under Xcel Energy’s Solar*Rewards program, an initiative that promises to remunerate energy trailblazers for each kilowatt-hour of solar electricity their panels inject into the power grid.

Marquee projects include the sprawling solar installation at the Minneapolis Convention Center. This project pivots as a paragon of public commitment, with its 600 kW solar array that dances across the rooftop, playing a symphony of sustainability. Splashed across the private sector is the Minneapolis Solar Co-op, a grassroots movement that aggregates the appetites of individual homeowners, blowing life into bulk purchasing, and driving down installation costs in a dizzying display of community-owned energy zeal. Amidst the state’s chilly grasp, Minneapolis burgeons as a fervid hotbed for solar development, with these initiatives emblemizing the state’s clever harnessing of policy and climate to kindle a renewable revolution under the northern sky.

Technological Innovations in Minneapolis

In Minneapolis, the solar industry is undeniably riding a wave of innovative fervor, thriving under Minnesota’s Solar*Rewards program, which incentivizes residential and commercial solar energy systems. The region is seeing a surge in the adoption of bifacial solar panels, a revolutionary technology capable of capturing sunlight on both sides to maximize energy generation — an ideal solution given Minnesota’s snowy winters since the albedo effect of the bright snow surface can enhance the performance of these panels. What’s more, local entities are partnering with research powerhouses like the University of Minnesota to explore the integration of cutting-edge photovoltaic materials, such as perovskites, which promise higher efficiencies and lower production costs.

At the heart of Minneapolis’s technological bloom is also the collaborative ethos within the industry, exemplified by local company 45 North Solar teaming with research institutions to implement solar tracking systems finely tuned to the state’s latitude and weather patterns, optimizing solar gain throughout the year. These trackers are proving to be game-changers by dynamically adjusting the angle of the panels to follow the sun’s trajectory, thereby squeezing every possible electron from the Minnesotan skies. With such interdisciplinary initiatives and the state’s supportive regulatory framework, Minneapolis is not just passively basking in the sun’s rays but aggressively capturing and converting them to green, sustainable energy.

Economic and Environmental Impact

In the heart of the North Star State, Minneapolis’s embrace of solar energy is nothing short of a renewable renaissance, and this transformation is as economic as it is ecological. The city’s solar initiatives are sizzling with fiscal savvy, optimizing a synergy of state incentives like the Solar*Rewards program and the Made in Minnesota Solar Incentive Program, which bolster the economics of solar adoption while plugging in jobs like high-voltage lifelines into the local economy. But let’s not let the numbers cast too long a shadow over the palpable environmental strides! Minneapolis is a trailblazer with the Clean Energy Partnership, aiming for 100% renewable electricity by 2030. Such audacity in policy drives a profound paradigm shift — it’s not just about kilowatt-hours saved but also about carbon emission love stories: for every rooftop that blooms with solar panels, it’s a sonnet to sustainability. Tally up the reduced greenhouse gases, and you’ve got an environmental ballad that can practically serenade the city’s beloved lakes. Solar investments are a hailstorm of benefits, ushering an era where Minneapolitans can bask, both metaphorically and literally, in the sun’s largesse, ensuring that their city’s skyline is silhouetted not by smog but by the glow of progress.

Community Engagement

In the bustling metropolis of Minneapolis, the community engagement in solar initiatives is a dynamic collage of grassroots zeal and municipal innovation, stirring up a renewable energy revolution tailored to the Minnesotan ethos. A shining example is the Minneapolis Climate Action Plan, which swoops in with avian grace to champion solar installations across the city, dovetailing with state legislation like the Solar*Rewards program, which puffs out its chest, offering incentives that sing sweetly to residential and commercial property owners. The solar serenade is harmonized by nonprofits such as the Minnesota Renewable Energy Society (MRES), offering workshops that illuminate solar potential like fireflies in the city’s twilight, while the Xcel Energy Solar*Rewards Community program carves out spaces where communities can collectively bask in solar farms, unshackled from the constraints of rooftop installations.

Tapping into the educational vein, the city’s robust outreach programs form a neural network of awareness, as local schools integrate solar curriculum — think solar car races that spark the imaginations of budding young engineers. It’s a fertile ground for knowledge, where initiatives like the ‘Shine On’ program educate and empower homegrown solar advocates, seamlessly weaving the practical tapestry of solar adoption into the fabric of daily life, ensuring that Minneapolis not only marches toward sustainability but sprints into a future where community and clean energy are as intertwined as the roots of the mighty pines of Minnesota.

Future Outlook

Minneapolis, Minnesota is embracing a shimmering future in solar energy development, riding the wave of green initiatives and sustainable energy policies that have been sweeping through the city’s urban planning strategy. Notably, the Minneapolis Climate Action Plan lays out an ambitious roadmap with solar energy as a cornerstone in achieving an 80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. This blue-sky thinking is particularly electrifying given Minnesota’s Solar*Rewards program, which incentivizes residential and commercial solar installations, and the Value of Solar tariff that offers an alternative to net metering, sweetening the deal for future solar adopters.

In terms of projects, the Minneapolis Solar Pilot Project, which aims to install solar panels on municipally owned buildings, symbolizes practical action over rosy promises, fortifying the city’s commitment to renewable energy. With the state’s law on community solar gardens flourishing, Minneapolis residential and commercial entities can now revel in solar benefits without hosting panels on-site, a policy that cleaves through the overcast of concerns about Minnesota’s cooler climate and variable sunlight availability.

Expert opinions anchor their optimism in Minneapolis’s strategic positioning within the solar vortex. The SolSmart designation awarded to the city, for simplifying solar installation processes and reducing related costs, beams a ray of confidence in its solar energy future. The convergence of citizen support, progressive leadership, and smart policy-making heralds a sunlit trajectory for Minneapolis’s solar energy development, projecting an incandescent glow on the city’s skyline.


Solar energy in Minneapolis, Minnesota, is a blooming spectacle of communal effort and ecological foresight. Amid the northern chill, one would hardly peg this as the solar haven it is rapidly becoming — yet, Minneapolis is a vibrant example of solar advocacy and progress. Local community involvement is not just encouraged; it’s the heartbeat of the city’s solar narrative. Take the innovative Shiloh Temple’s rooftop solar garden, a powerful testament to renewable synergy between faith and sustainability, illuminating the path for others. Minneapolis schools aren’t mere bystanders; they’re active solar promoters. The city’s education system integrates solar technology and curriculum, fostering a new generation of sun-wise advocates. Through creative outreach programs spearheaded by local organizations like the Minnesota Renewable Energy Society (MRES), the populace is soaked in solar knowledge, nudged gently towards embracing a photovoltaic future. These programs, alongside incentives such as Xcel Energy’s Solar*Rewards and Minnesota’s own Solar Energy Sales Tax Exemption, craft a rich tapestry of solar adoption which is not just economically savvy but a cultural shift towards sustainability deeply rooted in Minneapolitan soil.

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Jerry Spivey

As an aspiring writer, I love words and pay attention to detail. My skill and devotion to writing intriguing and relevant material set me apart.