How to Successfully Treat Opioid Addiction without Triggering Opportunistic Disorders
Opioid addiction has great personal and public cost. In 2015 alone, the number of people in America who were addicted to heroin was estimated to be about 600,000 while another 2,000,000 people were known to be suffering from other related opioid addictions. The good news however, is that there are a number of treatments that are available for those who are suffering from opioid addiction. There is a lot of hope in successful opioid addiction treatment if both pharmacological and behavioral based treatment methods are combined. These can treat the psychological effects of prolonged abuse of the drugs and still minimize the occurrence of negative physical effects that come with the treatment.
Reversal drugs are in most cases superior to substitution drugs
The initial detoxification phase of the treatment is usually expected to be the most critical. The treatment options adopted at this phase may determine how successfully the patient responds to the treatment program as a whole. For example, some centers may choose to place the patient on a substitute drug that is meant to cheat the nervous system that the original drug is still in use while in reality, the body is subjected to something different. This has been effective but some of the physical effects never wear out. Reversal techniques have lately been viewed as superior to the substitution techniques.
Some common reversal drugs include narcan and methadone. Narcan can be classified among the reversal drugs because it has the qualities that reverse those destructive brain adaptations that agonizing drugs such as heroin have. How does narcan work so effectively yet most known treatments leave recovering patients with undesirable withdrawal effects? As a quick analogy, reversal drugs simply act like many tiny rat traps that snare the negative adaptations that the brain received over the history of the patient’s drug abuse.
Reversal drugs are more than contingency drugs
Effective drug treatment becomes tricky when someone has many other coexisting but dormant mental health disorders. In some cases, medicines that existed in the 1950s could treat one known disorder but aggravate multiple other mental health disorders that patients had but did not talk about. From that perspective, there needed to be a drug that would hit their target while still having a contingency treatment for underlying depression or anxiety that may have been downplayed before the treatment begins. With that two-pronged approach, a harmful drug may be treated without the occurrence of relapses that occur if behavioral therapy is not adopted.
When doctors use wonder drugs like Narcan to treat heroin addiction, they will be better placed to protect the patient from relapses that are commonly suffered by people addicted to opioids. This does not write off the important role of behavioral treatment but it will in this case be used as extra protection while the patient is in intensive treatment.
It would be overly-optimistic to imply that all patients under the Narcan drug will react the same way to their heroin addictions but with proper monitoring, most of the possible symptoms are known and can be managed well. For the first time in ages, patients can expect to undergo treatments that have practical solutions tabled in case anxiety issues, moods swings and withdrawal symptoms occur halfway through the treatment.