Ethics Alarms

Why the World Will End

Throughout the duration of time humans have spent on Earth, especially in the world we live in, an extensive amount of people’s physical and mental state have been harmed as a result of errors in thinking. Three main errors in thinking cause serious problems for human beings.

To start, the first error in thinking that cause many people problems is false correlations, which is taking an event, characteristic, or trait, and connecting the topic to a subject irrelevant to the issue without any evidence. One example is a woman playing with an Ouija Board one night, who goes on to commit a series of crimes afterward. When arrested and questioned, she pleads that she is innocent and that the Ouija Board she used earlier forced her to perform these crimes. This woman uses false correlation to solidify her claim. She takes the event of playing with an Ouija Board and connects it with the case of committing crimes without a sufficient amount of evidence. This woman’s two different activities took place on the same day out of coincidence, not because she was possessed to commit such crimes. Another example of a false correlation is people claiming that babies are receiving autism from vaccines. This conclusion has no evidence to support the claim, making the idea of children getting autism from vaccines false.(ID) The period where a baby is given vaccines is close to the time an infant is diagnosed with autism, but that is not proper proof, making the claims about vaccines causing autism to be nothing other than a false correlation. The final piece of evidence exposing the human error of faulty thinking is the allegation of GMOs causing cancer when eaten. GMOs can be found most commonly in food products such as fruits, meat, and wheat. When a scientist did a study on rats and GMOs, he informed the media that GMOs cause cancer, and there was proof in his research: more than 50% of the rats in the experiment developed a tumor. While it seems that the scientist had conducted a successful experiment showing a flaw in GMOs, there was actually a flaw in his conclusion.(DI) The scientist made a false correlation. The researcher associated rats eating GMOs with growing a tumor, however, did not give any evidence of the GMOs affecting the rodent’s body at all. Instead of rushing to find an answer to a problem, many humans make false correlations to either put the blame on an issue or take the blame off themselves.

Another error in thinking common among many people is the argument ignorance, an observation of an event, characteristic, or trait that is misunderstood and forming a claim about the subject with the only evidence being a lack information. One example is the multiple bigfoot “sightings” recorded or seen and told in stories . These claims all have one thing in common: seeing a large dark figure, and concluding the shape to be Bigfoot because the figure is a tall dark object. People making these blunt conclusions out of ignorance. The person who sees Bigfoot has only evidence: misjudgement. Another example is people claiming to see UFOs in the sky. All of these claims come from seeing an unusual brightness in the horizon. The statement is an argument from ignorance, as the claimer is arguing to see a UFO just because the light seen in the heavens cannot be identified or explained. A final example of argument from ignorance is hearing unexplained sounds, and coming with a conclusion that the noise is from a ghost, specter, or spirit.(I,ccI) The person cannot understand (perceive) what the noise is, so makes the error of forming an incorrect conclusion. When people are confused and often scared(frightened), an argument out of ignorance(misunderstanding) is formed.

A final error in thinking that troubles many people is the argument from authority. One example of an argument from authority is a renowned psychic fooling people that they can read one’s mind, feelings, past, and future. These fortune tellers can trick many people because they make the client feel as if the psychic is an authority, with more power and status than the client. This makes the client believe whatever the psychic says solely because he/she is viewed as a figure with god-like powers. Another example of argument from authority is a person believing a UFO sighting just because a news outlet reports the sighting. A person will often think a news outlet to a trustworthy source just because the program is widely popular and is on T.V. A final example of argument from authority are commercials showing doctors and dentists recommending a certain product to a consumer. These commercials try to make the person watching(viewing) think that because the doctor or dentist has knowledge and authority on the product, the product is a beneficial product to use. Often these doctors in commercials are fake, and anyone can perform research to see if a product is useful, this is not only restricted(limited) to doctors and dentist. When people are unsure of a situation, they often look to a person of authority to assist them. However, depending on an authority is an error in thinking, and should be avoided.

The highlander

The subject of errors in thinking is a topic that needs to be addressed in today’s world. If our leaders and their adherents continue to use faulty thinking to make decisions, it can lead to an important choice chose the wrong way, by the wrong person. Faulty thinking can lead to the end of our world as we know it. It is vital to be aware of the three errors in thinking shown today, and to make sure none are used to harm one’s view on a subject.