Uber optimizes for passenger pickup time, Google optimizes for relevance (in both search results and in ads), Facebook optimizes for engagement (and we see how that went wrong with fake news). What do our financial markets optimize for? That leads me to an account of financial markets as the first rogue AI, hostile to humanity. Income inequality, declining upward mobility, and job losses due to technology are not inevitable; they are the result of design choices we have made in the algorithms that manage our markets.
Keep in mind that anti-vaxxers aren’t arguing that vaccinations definitively cause autism. They are arguing that we don’t know. They are arguing that experts are forcing children to be vaccinated against their will, which sounds like oppression. What they want is choice — the choice to not vaccinate. And they want information about the risks of vaccination, which they feel are not being given to them. In essence, they are doing what we taught them to do: questioning information sources and raising doubts about the incentives of those who are pushing a single message. Doubt has become tool.