Can economic growth continue without fossil fuels?
Graham Palmer

Graham — good to see more of your work. Have you seen this?


It is important to understand that this is only one of many high temperature process required for an industrial world.

In the USA –

“Glass manufacturing accounted for 1% of total industrial energy use in EIA’s most recent survey of the manufacturing sector. Overall fuel use is dominated by natural gas (73%) and electricity (24%), with the remaining share (3%) from several other fuels. Natural gas use at glass manufacturing facilities in 2010 was 146 trillion Btu, about 143 billion cubic feet.

If we convert the natural gas to kWh, we get:

143 billion cubic feet Natural Gas = 41,909,163,034.63 kWh

Annual output, 1,301 GWh (125 MW avg. power). Website Topaz Solar Farm is a 550-megawatt (MW) photovoltaic power station in San Luis Obispo …

Construction cost‎: ‎$2.4 billion

Construction began‎: ‎2011

Annual output‎: ‎1,301 GWh; (125 MW avg. power)

Capacity factor‎: ‎24.4% (2014–2015)

From above:

143 billion cubic feet Natural Gas = 41,909,163,034.63 kWh

The Annual output of Topaz Solar Farm is:

1,301 GWh = 1301000000 kWh

It would take 32 of these installations to replace the energy

used for just the glass made in the USA in the year 2010.

That would be 288,000,000 solar panels.

10 Mahattans

Almost 46,000 Football fields.

The sun shines during the day and not every day.

So of course the energy would need to be stored because glass factories run 24/7 365 days/year for up to 18 years.

The USA is only a part of the glass manufacturer globally.

See much more at:

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