The Mac OS malware and virus remove company AiroAV has compiled a glossary of definitions for users to identify and thwart access to their computers and files. The definitions below are not limited to Mac computers nor intended to promote Mac computer usage in particular as the same definitions apply to Windows and Linux users, thus everyone is advised to read and familiarize themselves with the malware terminology to raise awareness on how malicious software and scripts are used to gain access to computers.
What Is Malware?
Malware is any type of software or script designed to cause damage and alter the intended use of computers. Most often, this is achieved by spreading carefully crafted malicious code to unsuspecting computer users via software, scripts or ‘phishing’ methods.
The term Malware is appended to all types of malicious software. It comes in all forms of variants and its purpose is to manipulate the behavior of the computer or allow hackers unintended access.
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- Virus — Typical malware self-replicating into the files and applications of unsuspecting computers by attaching itself to existing programs. Computer Viruses infect operating system and directory files. Their purpose is to make the computer behave in a way unintended by the owner. This can include providing back-door access to the computer and/or leaking information from the system without the owners knowledge or consent.
- Spyware — Spyware is designed to observe infected computer user’s activity and report back to the hacker. Most often, spyware is used to illegally obtain an infected computers cookies, passwords, and online and offline computer usage.
- Trojan Horses — A trojan horse deploys itself on a victims computer and then ‘calls home’ to connect and allow full secret access to the operating system and user files. This type of malware is the most dangerous as the access allows to steal information in real time.
- Worms — Worms are typically viruses that can self-reproduce themselves on a hard drive and affect other applications and files by either manipulating them for malicious intent or erasing them. A typical example of a worm includes forcing your Skype software to send messages and/or using your browser connection with Facebook to post content on the unsuspecting computer users profile. In this article, AiroAV describes a worm used to manipulate the results of Google and Bing search engine results.
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- Adware — Typically affecting browsers, adware is designed to spread advertisement on behalf of rogue marketing companies.
- Ransomware — Takes control and lock all computer files and directories and is designed to hold the operating system ‘ransom’ forcing the computer owner to pay to regain access to the files. AiroAV suggests that all computer owners back up their files on hard drives or in the cloud.
- Rootkits — Are a combination of tools that when deployed on a computer, allows full administrative privileges over the operating system and computer user profiles.
- Cryptojacking (or Crypto-Malware) — This variant of of malware is designed by hackers to gain the private and public keys of cryptocurrency accounts. A typical example is when a computer intends to send bitcoins, ethereum, etc., the computer will re-write the beneficiaries target address with their own.
Airo AV Malware Removal — Mac Antivirus
As advised by AiroAV, to remove malware and all types of virus variants, Mac computer users are advised to install an anti virus software on their computers. We recommend Mac OS computer users install AiroAV to protect their Mac operating system and computer files from being accessed by hackers. We also recommend using Reddit and other social communities such as Twitter to stay aware of virus and malware spreading techniques.
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Windows Virus Removal Tools — Malware Removal
Windows users are advised to install a full comprehensive security suite on their computers to protect against malware viruses. There are hundreds of companies to choose from including Bit Defender, Mcafee, Sophos, ESET, Norton, etc.