Hey Khoa Bui,
Another great question. Traditionally, we think of biotechnology in rather defined and constrained fields like medical devices and biopharma (red biotechnology) or agriculture (green biotechnology). I think the most exciting areas for biotechnology today are interdisciplinary combinations of fields that offer rapid acceleration. We can categorize them as follows:
- Applications of bioengineering techniques for nontraditional purposes — for example, using DNA as a means of data storage (see Catalog)
- Applications of other engineering fields to accelerate traditional biotechnology sectors — for example, using phones, wearables, and the Internet of Things as a means of monitoring everyday health and wellbeing
You’ll note that I refrain from using the term “biomedical engineering” here, since some of these applications are non-medical.