Thanks for taking the time to read and comment.
Overall, the only benefit of reducing saturated fat intake was found in cardiovascular events. There was no statistically significant effect on mortality, death from cardiovascular disease, heart attacks or strokes.
However, when they analyzed the studies further, they found a reduction in cardiovascular events only when saturated fat was being replaced with polyunsaturated fats.
In other words, reducing saturated fat had no effect on its own, but replacing it with polyunsaturated fats led to a slightly reduced risk of cardiovascular events (but not death, heart attacks or strokes).
So the study’s conclusions are misleading and simply not supported by the data. This is why I believe the media often misrepresents nutrition science. They don’t observe and report on the raw data.
It’s also important to note that Cochrane reviews tend to be very conservative in their conclusions. Even though the data clearly suggests that reducing saturated fat is next to useless, they still claim in their conclusion that this is useful advice.