Logical Fallacy Issues
Errors in thinking and logical fallacies are causing major problems all over the world. These errors, however, are not always noticed in everyday thinking. Even though they are not the most visible, they play a significant role in our everyday lives. The three errors in thinking that cause the most severe problems for people are argument from ignorance, argument from authority, and false correlation.
The first error in thinking that causes the most serious problem for people is the false correlation. An example of this problem would be if someone correlated vaccines with autism. Problems could arise if someone stopped vaccinating their child because they thought it would cause autism. Over the years vaccinations have eliminated many diseases. However, these conditions could make their way back and harm children who are not vaccinated. Another example of the problem is that rumors and false information could be spread, such as if a parent of an autistic child spread rumors that their child got autism from vaccines. If this happened frequently, we would not be able to tell false information from trustworthy sources. Finally, another problem would occur if someone were to falsely correlate two items. The major signs of autism start appearing around age 2, which is about the same time when a series of vaccines is given. This is why some people believe that vaccines cause autism, an example of false correlation.
The second error in thinking that creates havoc in people’s lives is argument from authority. One example of a problem from this statement would be false information given by an authority figure. During the time of the Holocaust, Hitler convinced many that certain groups of people should be eliminated. A primary reason people listened was that he powerful and was a figure many looked up to. Another issue that causes havoc is when a doctor diagnoses a patient. Because the physician is a trustworthy source, people may not think to get a second opinion, and that could be dangerous to the person’s health. Finally, another problem could arise if an authority figure spread false information. An example of this is false information on a Facebook post, or as big as false information on who won the election.
A final error in thinking that is especially significant is an argument from ignorance. An example from this error in thinking is the Amityville horror house. Since the people living there could not explain what was going on, they thought that it must have been ghosts. While this is not a problem that harmed anyone, a more serious example would be when people say that there are not any documents from the Holocaust so it must be fake. This is also an example of false information because there are documents from the Holocaust. Ignoring the fact that the Holocaust happened can be incredibly hurtful to people who survived. Lastly, a final issue that is prominent in argument from ignorance is demonstrated in an error of thought by Holocaust deniers. Some believe that “Jews don’t exist; therefore the Holocaust never happened.” However, this is an argument from ignorance and an example of false information because Jews do exist.
Due to these errors in thinking, these errors can be as minor as not knowing if the information on our facebook feed is real, or as major as children dying from the fear of vaccination. These errors in thinking are clouding our thoughts and preventing people truly using our ideas for good.
I,cc,I- Because the physician is a trustworthy source, people may not think to get a second opinion.
ID- An example of false correlation would be people believing that vaccines cause autism.
D,I- This is why some people believe that vaccines cause autism, an example of false correlation.