What is Liberation? (Ideology and the Unconscious)

The Problem of Liberation

Louis Althusser

Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses

A picture from “The Little Prince”. In the story, the Prince travels to a planet where the sole inhabitant is a king. The king calls him saying , “Here is a subject”, which makes the boy confused. How could the king know him when he never saw him before? The book says, “He did not know how the world is simplified for kings. To them, all men are subjects.” So it is with all centers of ideology.

Freud and Lacan

A diagram from one of Lacan’s papers, “The Instance of the Letter in the Unconscious”. The two doors are identical, and it is only though the terms “Ladies” and “Gentleman” that they come to be seen as “different”. Lacan used this to talk about how, regardless of their individual meaning, the opposition of these two terms is what creates the sexual difference in question.




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