Stakeholders in Urbanization
With urbanization happening so rapidly and taking over even the most rural areas in the United States, many have taken interest to study and analyze the effects of mega-urbanization and the ultimate future of living in a complete urbanized world. In the interest to understand who has entered the conversation of urbanization I came across two different articles both analyzing the different effects of urbanization, one discussing the environmental effects of urbanization and the other the challenges of mega urbanized cities. Ultimately the effect of rapid urbanization without the consciousness of the consequences of urbanization will ultimately be detrimental to society and those with the interest in urbanization want to inform people on the significances of such urbanization.
In the scholarly article “The Wildland-Urban Interface in the United States” by V. C. Radeloff the environmental effects of urbanization are presented by using many facts and statistics to prove that wildlands are suffering in response to rapid urbanization. Radeloff’s findings were that “Housing development causes habitat loss and fragmentation (Theobald et al.1997), threatens wildlife populations (Soule 1991), and results in bio- diversity declines (McKinney 2002). It has been esti- mated that >50% of all federally listed threatened and endangered species in the United States are in peril due to urbanization (Czech et al. 2000)” (Radeloff). The results of urbanization is devastating to earth and the inhabitants of earth. Wildlife and land are suffering major damages and loss but many aren’t aware of this. Radeloff effectively uses logos to communicate to readers the reality of current wildlife conditions. Readers can now be aware of the damages being made allowing for readers to be aware of their own carbon footprints. Along with statistics to prove that wildlife and life are decreasing at an alarming rate, Radeloff also conducts a study and analysis of housing taking over vegetation and mapping them in efforts to “provide a framework for scientific inquiries into the effects of housing growth on the environment and to inform both national policy makes and local land managers” (Radeloff). In Radeloff’s findings, California has the highest number of housing units, therefore having the need for more “ecological principles”.
In the second scholarly article, The Global Issue “Mega-urbanization’: An Unsolved Challenge for Stakeholders, Researchers and Residents?” by H. Taubenock, urbanization is described to be a multidimensional issue. Taubenock looks to discuss “the situations of cities, the causes, dimensions and consequences of urban growth with the idea to raise the main questions for future activities” (Taubenock) to meets those challenges in the future. Taubenock do this by discussing the three factors that cause urbanization which are natural population increase, rural–urban migration, and annexation. Taubenock does into depth of each and then asks the question if mega-urbanization is even solvable. Taubenkck comes to the conclusion that because urbanization is complex that there isn’t real an answer or a “fix” rather, the question that should be asked is how does society move forward and progress parallel with urbanization instead of being consumed by the potential damage by urbanization. Taubenock wants the readers to leave with questions and start new conversations that way everyone becomes more aware of the status quo of urbanization. Taubenock ends on the note that “This paper is an appeal for an open dialogue regarding these issues. And with it, to change the vision of our urban future from the stereotypic negative connotation related to the phrase “mega-urbanization” to a credible vision of opportunities and chances for residents, researchers and stakeholders” (Taubenock).
Those writing about Urbanization like Taubenock and Radeloff are interested in starting conversations, finding statistics and facts to present to readers who aren’t informed on urbanization as well as policy makers so there can be changes to fix the problems presented by urbanization. Changes can be made to change the direction and rate that is going on so that there will be less damage and combat any future damage urbanization can cause. The key is to be aware and consciousness of the carbon footprint being left on Earth in order for the human coexistence with wildlife and not shorten time in Earth by damaging the environment.
Taubenböck, H. . “THE GLOBAL ISSUE “MEGA-URBANIZATION”: AN UNSOLVABLE CHALLENGE FOR STAKEHOLDERS, RESEARCHERS AND RESIDENTS?” International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences,C21 38.4 (2011): 143–48. Web. 16 Apr. 2017.
Radeloff, V. C., et al. “The Wildland-Urban Interface in the United States.” Ecological Applications, vol. 15, no. 3, 2005, pp. 799–805