Thousands of ships and planes have mysteriously disappeared, leaving no wreckage nor warnings. One of the famous case was the Flight 19, the US Navy’s top ship and submarine killer. No shipwreck was found after a massive search. How come such a fine robust product vanished?
The Bermuda Triangle, the area that covers the seas between Miami, the Island of Bermuda, and Puerto Rico leaves behind one of the greatest mysteries in the world. Covering the area of the North West Atlantic Ocean left behind few assumptions to the public’s eyes. The common one? It’s that Bermuda Triangle is able to make things disappear into another dimension or somewhere else in space. Planes and ships never came back, can’t we use that to our advantage of getting rid of our problems related to trash? Why don’t we just throw our trash there?
According to the National Geographic, there are 5,25 trillion pieces of plastic debris in the ocean. An astonishing number of 269,000 tons of that are floating on the surface. Meanwhile, four billion plastic microfibers per square kilometer litter the deep sea. Quoted fromConsererveturtles.org, the buildup of plastics is equivalent to the size of the U.S plus India. They found 80% of the plastic debris comes from land (around 80%) that got washes out from beaches, streets, and highways. Other than the land, according to oceanhealthindex.org, about 20% of trash came from ocean vessels with a shocking number of 636,000 tons per year. Based on a study done by Nickie Butt, the Head of Shipping & Maritime Business from Warsash School of Maritime Science and Engineering, cruise ships represent 1% of marine vessels but produce around 25% of ship-sourced waste. On average, a single cruise passenger produces 3,5 kg of waste per day.
What’s the problem here, you may ask. These trashes are affecting the sea creatures and birds. There’s increasing numbers of marine mammals being found dead with stomach filled with plastic trash. The very microfibers can even harm humans who consume sea creatures. Based on oceancrusaders.org, around 100,000 marine creatures died in a year due to plastic entanglement. Approximately, one million sea birds also died from plastic. Still think throwing the trash into the what’s the deal with those information with Bermuda Triangle as a shortcut though? Let’s get down to business.
Let’s assume we take the idea seriously. According to World Bank Report in June, Indonesia generates 105,000 tones of solid municipal waste every day in urban areas. If we use ships to deliver those trash, let’s see how the ships that carry those trash pollute more problem into the water. Ships use a huge amount of ballast water to stabilize itself while travelling. According to inews.co.uk,when a ship travels for a longer period, the Ballast water is often filled from one region and discharged in another whenever required. The amount of ballast water released is around 1,000 metric tons, this is the major cause of pollution. The ballast water contains microbes and micro-organisms, causing ecological damage. One good example? The population of jellyfish in the Black Sea. Other than that, ships burn heavy fuel oil, which is one of the dirtiest fuels available in the market. It contains dangerous levels of sulfur and heavy metals.
What if we take another ride? By plane perhaps?
Let’s say we use a Boeing 747 to carry our trash. According to sciencefocus.com, Boeing 747 uses 7840kg of aviation fuel for the take-off, climb, and descent. This account for a flight with the distance of 250km. for longer journey, the plane will use 10.1kg for each additional kilometer. From around 10,668 km of fuel, it releases over 33 tons of Carbon Dioxide.
In conclusion, solving existed problem of trash in the ocean by dumping the trash itself to an area of the ocean famous for its ability to make things is not recommended, we’ll create more greenhouse gas and more water pollutant.