The Seven Principles Of Interior Design

Interior design aims to enhance the aesthetic value of your home or office, and ensure that everything is correctly matched up and arranged. Unlike a mere interior decoration, interior design is guided by established norms and principles. It takes into consideration the larger and final picture, to as to guide the small steps taken to reach there.

All interior designers are guided by the below 7 principles;

1. Unity/ harmony; when designing your interior, you must ensure that all the items are harmonious. For instance, you cannot paint your walls bright, and then go for dull curtains. Or have brightly colored furniture pieces, on a dull carpet. Harmony and unity are best achieved by using the right color combinations.

2. Balance; balance is achieved by using similar objects that have subtle variations. For instance, you can use similar sofa cushions, but each with some unique patterns and embroideries. You can also go for similar designs on the curtains for all rooms, in order to achieve balance.

3. Colors; colors are also a crucial principle in interior design. Your choice of colors will go a long way in setting the mood and ambiance of your room. Some colors like sky blue, white, are ideal for helping making the rooms appear more lively and relaxing.

4. Rhythm; just like rhythm matters in music, it also matters a lot when it comes to interior design. Rhythm has to do with precise and accurate arrangement of all objects in the room, to achieve the best results possible. Rhythm can be achieved by transition, repetition, and progression.

5. Contrast; contrast means using two or more objects that contrast. For instance, you can use a white pillow on black sofas.

6. Scale and proportion; these two are used jointly to help use design elements in the proper ratio. This may also include taking into mind the sizes of various objects used inside a room.

7. Detail; this principle matters as it ensures that all details and angles are covered. What are the best handles for your cabinets? Or the best lighting options for your living room? Such aspects fall under the principle of detail.


The above principles are what guide every professional interior designer.

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