Cosmetic Testing On Animals.
There’s about 26 million animals that are used yearly in the United Sates for scientific and also commercial testing. The animals are used to develop medical treatments, to determine the toxicity of medications, and to check the safety of products destined for human use. There are also other biomedical, commercial, and health care uses.
Research on living animals has been practiced since at least 500 BC. People from animal testing say that it has enabled the development of many life-saving treatments. There treatments are for both humans and animals. They claim that there is no alternative method for researching a complete living organism, and that strict regulations prevent the mistreatment of animals in laboratories. Others believe that animal testing is cruel and inhumane to experiment on animals. That alternative methods available to researchers can replace animal testing, and animals are so different from human beings that research on animals often yields irrelevant results.
The public started having things to say about animal testing and the treatment of animals in the mid-1960s. Which lead to the passage of the AWA. There is an article in the November 29, 1965 issue of Sports Illustrated about Pepper. Pepper was a farmer’s pet dalmation. She was kidnapped and sold into experimentation. It is believed to have been the “initial catalyst” for the rise in anti-testing sentiment. Pepper the dalmatian died after researchers attempt to implant an experimental cardiac pacemaker in her body. In May 2013, Gallup poll estimated that,” 56% of Americans say that medical testing on animals is morally acceptable. With 39% saying it is morally wrong. Younger Americans are less likely to accept animal testing. 47% of people aged 18–34 say that animal testing is morally acceptable, whereas 60% of people aged 35–54 and 61% of people aged 55 and older say it is morally acceptable. 67% of registered voters in the US are opposed to using animals to test cosmetics and personal care products, according to a 2013 nationwide poll conducted by Lake Research Partners. The poll found that women are more likely to object, with 76% of women under 50 and 70% of women over 50 being opposed to animal testing, and 63% of men under and over 50 being opposed. 52% of voters said they feel safer using a product that was tested using non-animal methods, while 18% said they feel safer with products tested on animals.”
Animal testing in the United States is regulated by the federal Animal Welfare Act. AWA was passed in 1966 and amended in 1970, 1976, and 1985. The AWA defines “animal” as “any live or dead dog, cat, monkey (nonhuman primate mammal), guinea pig, hamster, rabbit, or other warm blooded animal.” The AWA excludes birds, rats and mice bred for research, cold-blooded animals, and farm animals used for food and other purposes.