How Drip Irrigation Can Solve Agricultural Woes Of Farmers?
When we talk of agriculture, we generally write on a lot of subjects including climate, water resources, soil quality and agricultural equipment. Among them all, water seems to be the most essential one. Water is the game-changing factor in agriculture. A good water supply augurs well for a prosperous crop yield. However, all is not well in many parts of the world where continuous supply of water is not available throughout the year. On top of that, climatic change, shifting weather patterns have disturbed the natural ecosystem and inefficient management of water resources have damaged the water pockets and underground water reserves beyond repair. The situation is no different in Kenya. Having an arid topography and a hot and humid weather, Kenya has been bearing the brunt of climate change for long. This has severely affected agriculture in this part of the world.
Kenya is an agriculture-based economy. More than half of the Kenyan population earn their incomes from agriculture. But with receding water resources, farmers have had to look beyond open-field farming. The introduction of drip irrigation system was a perfect solution to Kenya farmers who adopted it and can now do their farming all year round. This in turn has met their needs and paved way for a better agricultural future.
The main purpose of the drip irrigation system is to save water and use it to the maximum advantage for a healthy crop. Drip irrigation is a controlled irrigation system where water is supplied directly to the roots by the use of drip emitters which release water in a slow and steady fashion. The drip emitters are sized like a quarter and located close to the ground. The water is sourced through a feeder hose. The efficiency of this technique is measured by two factors. The first is that the water is absorbed by the soil quickly and there is no loss through evaporation. Secondly, water is supplied only to the area which needs the most, the roots.
In a drip irrigation system, the role of the valves is of utmost importance. They control the flow of water and turn the water flow on or off. The valves reduce the pressure of the water flowing through the system and keep it at a constant level even if the pressure fluctuates.
The ergonomic design of drip irrigation system has resulted in maximum crop yield and increased fertilizer use on crops. Not only that, it has revolutionized the irrigation scenario in the water-stricken region and given farmers a new lease of hope.