How to plant Basil
How to plant Basil
Basil presents numerous benefits for gardeners and is thus a good crop to grow. It is relatively easy to grow and has easy maintenance. Basil will only thrive when there is full sun. In this regard, part sun for this kind is out of question. Loamy soils that are well drained and nutritious are ideal for this crop and thus able to support it so that it grows optimally. Its botanical name is ocimum basilicum and it is a herb.
How to plant
Planting can either begin indoors or outdoors. Going further, it is recommended that you first grow this kind indoors and afterwards move the transplants outdoors. According to a majority of pro gardeners, this will give you a good head start. As mentioned earlier, this kind will only thrive in area having full sun. The above notion simply implies that the ideal location must at least have access to sunlight for a minimum of 6 hours. Note that this should be consistent. For clarity sake, ensure that the chosen location has the said number of sunlight hour daily.
Prior to planting this kind, ensure that your garden is ready for planting. More specifically, ensure that the soil meets the minimum conditions for planting the crop in question. Soils that are ready for planting must be well drained and nutritious otherwise there is a great probability that this crop will not thrive. Soils that are somewhat poor can easily be amended thus correcting the situation.
Planting, especially for seeds should be about ¼ deep. The holes should be spaced so as to avoid congestion and the soil should have a temperature that is at least 70 degrees F. Observing the above information will result to optimum growth. Note that when the crops have fully grown, the adults will have a height ranging from 13–23 inches. So as to ensure that the plants grow optimally, plant with at least 10–24 inches worth of spaces between them.
Watering is needed to some extent by this particular plant. More specifically, you will not be required to water freely during the entire planting period. Water freely when it’s during summer season. So that the leaves continue growing through the entire growing season, be sure to remove the flower heads when they appear.
Depending on the usage. It is recommended that for those of you planning to use the plant for cooking, should plant the crop with minimal use of fertilizers. Additionally, this group of gardeners should also consider using soils that are clean. Note that there is a great probability that the crop will be left out with harmful residues thus becoming unfit for consumption. With regards to the above goal for planting the crop in question, ensure that your garden is away from drive ways so as to avoid exhaust settling into the plants.
Consider planting this crop along some other crops. More specifically, planting this crop along with some vegetables will help it to thrive. Crops such as tomatoes are great companions for this kind.
How to care for this crop
As mentioned earlier, caring for basil is somewhat easier comparing to some other similar herbs. Prior to planting this kind, ensure that the soil is moist as the seeds will take a considerably long period to germinate when the soil is not moist. Note that even the older plant requires moist soils so that it grow as it should be, which is why it is recommended that you water the crop freely during the summer season.
Throughout summer, pick the leaves consistently. This will ensure that there is consistent growth during the said period. After six weeks have commenced, remove the center shoot. This will bar of early flowering so that the leaves will continuously grow. Note that basil will not thrive in cold conditions. If the weather gets too cold, harvest the plant as cold conditions will ultimately destroy the plant in question.
Certain pests and diseases will find their way into your garden. When not monitored, thus allowed to populate, they will be hard to deal with and will also destroy your crop. In this regard be watchful for Aphids, root rot among some many more so that they do not increase in population and/or scope. Lastly, note that the best time for harvesting the crop in question is when budding has started, this should be before blooming.