Stained Concrete For Interior Floors
Despite its recent popularity, stained concrete floors are really not really that new. Historically, it started as far back as the 1920’s when floors were stained to spice up the appearance of dull concrete surfaces. Concrete staining just isn’t like adding some color pigment to wet concrete. Instead, it’s done on cured concrete. Mit result of the stain (acid) along with the concrete made of rocks and binding cement provides the gray colored concrete a “natural earthy” color.
There are two forms of staining concrete floors — acid and water. Most acid stains can be a combination of water, hydrochloric acid and acid-soluble metallic salts that really work its way under the concrete surface and reacting chemically with the hydrated lime (calcium hydroxide) within the concrete. The acid within the stain lightly scrapes the surface of the concrete allowing the metallic salts to enter easily. Once the stain reacts, the stain now gets to be a permanent the main concrete, thus not put through fading, chipping or peeling away with time. The one drawback for acid staining can there be is just not much choice in color — only tans, browns, terra cottas, and soft blue-green to resemble gemstone, polished marble, stained wood or even tanned leather.
Similarly, with the water based staining one can possibly still attain the same effect but unlike the acid staining, water staining is water coating that bond with the concrete and, the effect, therefore, is probably not as thorough. Unlike acid staining, newer products including the water-based penetrating stains and water-and-solvent based concrete dyes have become you can purchase with colors including soft pastels to vivid reds, oranges, yellows and purples.
You have to take into account though that in selecting stain colors:
->> Expect wide color variation, especially with acid-based stains. This will are more pronounced if the final coat of sealer is used.
->> What one sees from the liquid form will not be what you have planned as soon as the chemical reaction relating to the stain and also the cement happens. The real color is only going to appear when left for the concrete for several hours or longer.
->> Along with effect is going to be darker or targeting new concrete than on older concrete.
Of those, it could be a good idea to use the stain into a small test area first before you apply generally speaking floor.
The thing that makes stained concrete unique isn’t two concrete floors, walls or countertops can look alike while they are addressed with exactly the same staining product of the same shade. Factors like concrete composition and age, porosity, texture and environmental conditions help with this uniqueness. Therefore, words like “antiqued”, “variegated” or “mottled” all have become employed to describe stained concrete.
The cost for staining concrete floors will differ depending on the work to be performed: form of stain, surface preparation, area, and sort of sealer to be used and others. Generally, though, given a nominal amount surface preparation, a fundamental one-coat application with sealer will surely cost from 2 to 4 dollars per square feet. More complex projects would up the price about $ 15 per square foot or more, with respect to the some time and level of skill involved.