Rhetorical Analysis

Julia Preston, writer for the New York Times, described what Donald Trumps plans to do with the 11 million illegal immigrants in the United States. In Preston’s article, Explaining What Donald Trump Wants to Do Now on Immigration, published on September 1, 2016, she goes over how Trump’s policy would be similar to that of President Obama’s plan in 2014. Obama held high priority on “removing immigrants who pose security threats”, as would Trump. Trump also plans to cancel federal funding for “sanctuary cities”, promote self deportation and build a wall along the Mexican border, leading to an improvement in criminals deported per year.

Donald Trump (Credit: AP/LM Otero) Salon.com

As Preston goes on informing her audience of Donald Trump’s plan for immigration she forms a trust with the reader. Preston builds credibility with her readers by citing multiple sources — Trumps 10-point immigration plan, Pew Research Center and Benjamin Johnson, executive director of the American Immigration Lawyers Association — where she uses not only logos but ethos to convince the crowd that her information is not only correct but it’s coming from a reliable source. Along with rhetorical concepts, she organized her article quite nicely. By adding a subtitle before transitioning to each of Trump’s next points, it made the article easy to read.

Right from the start, Preston refers to Trumps immigration plan he presented in Phoenix the day before the article was written, adding quotes from the speech along the way. Her most effective reference she used was that of Johnson. She quoted Johnson to support what Trump was saying about mass deportation, “‘Our immigration laws are set up to do mass deportation,’ said Benjamin Johnson”.

“A close inspection of Mr. Trump’s new immigration plans reveals that some are more workable than others, and some are not too different from President Obama’s policies.” Saying she closely inspected Trump’s immigration plan gives her credibility. She’s not only referring to the speech but she is inspecting it.

Preston also questions Trump and provides proof that he was in fact wrong about a statistic, “But it is not clear how Mr. Trump arrived at the figure of two million immigrants with criminal records. According to the immigration enforcement agency, about 176,000 immigrants at large in the country have been convicted of crimes and ordered deported by judges.” By questioning what Trump said and then adding proof to back up the question, it shows that she has researched the topic, adding not only logos but ethos.

Ethos Logos Pathos, alllogopictures.blogspot.com

Using logos and ethos helped give Preston credibility in order for the audience to care about and trust what she is saying. The way she wrote it also helped with the flow of the article, starting it with an introduction where she tells us exactly what she will be writing about, Trumps immigration plan. The rest of the article is organized in neat little compartments labeled with subtitles about what was going to be written in that section. Her organization combined with her effective use of rhetorical concepts made for a high quality article.